The epidemiology of US high school basketball injuries, 2005-2007.
ABSTRACT With more than a million high school athletes playing during the 2006-2007 academic year, basketball is one of the most popular sports in the United States.
Basketball injury rates and patterns differ by gender and type of exposure.
Descriptive epidemiology study.
Basketball-related injury data were collected during the 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 academic years from 100 nationally representative US high schools via Reporting Information Online.
High school basketball players sustained 1518 injuries during 780 651 athlete exposures for an injury rate of 1.94 per 1000 athlete exposures. The injury rate per 1000 athlete exposures was greater during competition (3.27) than during practice (1.40; rate ratio, 2.33; 95% confidence interval, 2.10-2.57) and was greater among girls (2.08) than among boys (1.83; rate ratio, 1.14; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-1.26). The ankle/foot (39.7%), knee (14.7%), head/face/neck (13.6%), arm/hand (9.6%), and hip/thigh/upper leg (8.4%) were most commonly injured. The most frequent injury diagnoses were ligament sprains (44.0%), muscle/tendon strains (17.7%), contusions (8.6%), fractures (8.5%), and concussions (7.0%). Female basketball players sustained a greater proportion of concussions (injury proportion ratio, 2.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.49-3.91) and knee injuries (injury proportion ratio, 1.71; 95% confidence interval, 1.27-2.30), whereas boys more frequently sustained fractures (injury proportion ratio, 1.87; 95% confidence interval, 1.27-2.77) and contusions (injury proportion ratio, 1.52; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-2.31). The most common girls' injury requiring surgery was knee ligament sprains (47.9%).
High school basketball injury patterns vary by gender and type of exposure. This study suggests several areas of emphasis for targeted injury prevention interventions.
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ABSTRACT: High school-sponsored athletic programs currently provide more than 7.7 million students in the United States with health and societal benefits, but they also inherently increase the risk of students sustaining a sports injury. Understanding risk factors that predict injuries in sports is an essential first step to addressing the problem in this population. To determine the role of offensive versus defensive actions in noncontact lower extremity injury rates in high school basketball and soccer in both boys' and girls' sports. Descriptive epidemiological study. Noncontact lower extremity injury data were collected from academic years 2005-2006 through 2011-2012 for boys' and girls' basketball and soccer through the surveillance tool High School RIO (reporting information online). The injuries in this subset of the database occurred over a total of 6.4 million athlete-exposures. Significant differences in overall lower extremity injury rates were found when comparing ball-handling and defending actions in basketball (rate ratio [RR], 1.36; 95% CI, 1.08-1.73; P = .009), but no appreciable difference was observed in soccer (RR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.70-1.12; P = .31). Female participants had higher injury rates than did males for both ball-handling and defending actions for both sports (P < .05). Only girls' soccer showed significant differences in the odds ratio (OR) of defending to ball-handling injury rates between competition and practice (OR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.01-3.48; P = .047). The injury rate differences observed in this study between offensive and defensive actions suggest that investigating potential differences between sport-specific tasks may provide a more complete understanding of injury mechanisms. © 2015 The Author(s).The American journal of sports medicine. 01/2015;
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ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Basketball is characterized with high injury rate. In the literature it's not defined whether or not there are differences between the sexes. OBJECTIVE: Characterize and analyze the incidence of athletic injuries in basketball players, comparing the sexes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen under-23 category athletes of each sex were interviewed with the reported morbidity inquire. RESULTS: The age of the female and male teams, in average, was 18 ± 0.65 and 18.20 ± 1.57 years respectively. The male team had more injuries than the female one (respectively 2.6 ± 1.45 against 1.2 ± 1.18, p < 0.05). The joint damage was the most common injury in the male team, representing 58.97%, and the second most common in the female team (33.33%). The lower limbs were the most common injured sites (80.95% in the female and 69.23% in the male). The most frequent injury mechanism in the male team was the landing (43.59%), and in the female was the vertical jump (28.57%). In both teams the most injuries occurred during the training (61.9% in the female and 71.8% in the male). The absence was necessary in 47.62% (female) and 56.41% (male). Great part of the athletes didn't received any treatment (61.9% and 51.28% in the female and male team respectively). The return to the activities was mostly symptomatic, in both female and male team (85.71% and 84.62% respectively). CONCLUSION: The incidence of injuries in basketball is higher in the lower limbs. The male team is more likely to suffer injuries, and the main injury mechanisms were different between male and female team.Fisioterapia em Movimento. 06/2013; 26(2):361-368.
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ABSTRACT: Young of both sexes practicing basketball are becoming more frequent and this consequently increases the risk of sports injury. Therefore, the objective was to analyze the characteristics of injuries and associated personal and training characteristics in young basketball players of both sexes. Methods: One-year retrospective cross-sectional survey with 580 basketball players. Basketball players were interviewed using the Reported Condition Inquiry. This questionnaire contains items addressing anthropometric data and characteristics of injuries having occurred in the previous 12 months. Results: A total of 167 of the interviewees reported injuries. Significant differences were detected regarding all variables and both sexes (except age, body mass index and duration of practice in males) between athletes who had suffered injury and those who had not. A greater number of injuries occurred in females older than 14.44 years in comparison to younger females (OR: 3.66; 95% CI: 1.85–7.21). In younger and lighter female athletes, the injuries were predominantly in the knee and ankle/foot. Conclusions: The male gender exhibited a greater risk of injury than the female gender. Greater age, weight and height were risk factors in both sexes. The most affected anatomic sites were the ankle/foot and knee.Journal of Clinical Trials. 07/2014; 4(3):1.