The Epidemiology of US High School Basketball Injuries, 2005-2007
ABSTRACT With more than a million high school athletes playing during the 2006-2007 academic year, basketball is one of the most popular sports in the United States.
Basketball injury rates and patterns differ by gender and type of exposure.
Descriptive epidemiology study.
Basketball-related injury data were collected during the 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 academic years from 100 nationally representative US high schools via Reporting Information Online.
High school basketball players sustained 1518 injuries during 780 651 athlete exposures for an injury rate of 1.94 per 1000 athlete exposures. The injury rate per 1000 athlete exposures was greater during competition (3.27) than during practice (1.40; rate ratio, 2.33; 95% confidence interval, 2.10-2.57) and was greater among girls (2.08) than among boys (1.83; rate ratio, 1.14; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-1.26). The ankle/foot (39.7%), knee (14.7%), head/face/neck (13.6%), arm/hand (9.6%), and hip/thigh/upper leg (8.4%) were most commonly injured. The most frequent injury diagnoses were ligament sprains (44.0%), muscle/tendon strains (17.7%), contusions (8.6%), fractures (8.5%), and concussions (7.0%). Female basketball players sustained a greater proportion of concussions (injury proportion ratio, 2.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.49-3.91) and knee injuries (injury proportion ratio, 1.71; 95% confidence interval, 1.27-2.30), whereas boys more frequently sustained fractures (injury proportion ratio, 1.87; 95% confidence interval, 1.27-2.77) and contusions (injury proportion ratio, 1.52; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-2.31). The most common girls' injury requiring surgery was knee ligament sprains (47.9%).
High school basketball injury patterns vary by gender and type of exposure. This study suggests several areas of emphasis for targeted injury prevention interventions.
SourceAvailable from: Tamara Valovich McLeod[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The inclusion of clinical practice factors, beyond epidemiologic data, may help guide medical coverage and care decisions. Trends in injury and treatment characteristics of sport-specific injuries sustained by secondary school athletes will differ based on sport. Retrospective analysis of electronic patient records. Level 4. Participants consisted of 3302 boys and 2293 girls who were diagnosed with a sport-related injury or condition during the study years. Injury (sport, body part, diagnosis via ICD-9 codes) and treatment (type, amount, and duration of care) characteristics were grouped by sport and reported using summary statistics. Most injuries and treatments occurred in football, girls' soccer, basketball, volleyball, and track and field. Sprain or strain of the ankle, knee, and thigh/hip/groin and concussion were the most commonly documented injuries across sports. The injury pattern for boys' wrestling differed from other sports and included sprain or strain of the elbow and neck and general medical skin conditions. The most frequently reported service was athletic training evaluation/reevaluation treatment, followed by hot/cold pack, therapeutic exercise, manual therapy techniques, electrical stimulation, and strapping of lower extremity joints. Most sports required 4 to 5 services per injury. With the exception of boys' soccer and girls' softball, duration of care ranged from 10 to 14 days. Girls' soccer and girls' and boys' track and field reported the longest durations of care. Injury and treatment characteristics are generally comparable across sports, suggesting that secondary school athletic trainers may diagnose and treat similar injuries regardless of sport. Subtle sport trends, including skin conditions associated with boys' wrestling and longer duration of care for girls' soccer, are important to note when discussing appropriate medical coverage and care.Sports Health A Multidisciplinary Approach 01/2015; 7(1):67-74. DOI:10.1177/1941738114555842
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ABSTRACT: High school-sponsored athletic programs currently provide more than 7.7 million students in the United States with health and societal benefits, but they also inherently increase the risk of students sustaining a sports injury. Understanding risk factors that predict injuries in sports is an essential first step to addressing the problem in this population. To determine the role of offensive versus defensive actions in noncontact lower extremity injury rates in high school basketball and soccer in both boys' and girls' sports. Descriptive epidemiological study. Noncontact lower extremity injury data were collected from academic years 2005-2006 through 2011-2012 for boys' and girls' basketball and soccer through the surveillance tool High School RIO (reporting information online). The injuries in this subset of the database occurred over a total of 6.4 million athlete-exposures. Significant differences in overall lower extremity injury rates were found when comparing ball-handling and defending actions in basketball (rate ratio [RR], 1.36; 95% CI, 1.08-1.73; P = .009), but no appreciable difference was observed in soccer (RR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.70-1.12; P = .31). Female participants had higher injury rates than did males for both ball-handling and defending actions for both sports (P < .05). Only girls' soccer showed significant differences in the odds ratio (OR) of defending to ball-handling injury rates between competition and practice (OR, 1.88; 95% CI, 1.01-3.48; P = .047). The injury rate differences observed in this study between offensive and defensive actions suggest that investigating potential differences between sport-specific tasks may provide a more complete understanding of injury mechanisms. © 2015 The Author(s).The American Journal of Sports Medicine 01/2015; DOI:10.1177/0363546514564541 · 4.70 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Young of both sexes practicing basketball are becoming more frequent and this consequently increases the risk of sports injury. Therefore, the objective was to analyze the characteristics of injuries and associated personal and training characteristics in young basketball players of both sexes. Methods: One-year retrospective cross-sectional survey with 580 basketball players. Basketball players were interviewed using the Reported Condition Inquiry. This questionnaire contains items addressing anthropometric data and characteristics of injuries having occurred in the previous 12 months. Results: A total of 167 of the interviewees reported injuries. Significant differences were detected regarding all variables and both sexes (except age, body mass index and duration of practice in males) between athletes who had suffered injury and those who had not. A greater number of injuries occurred in females older than 14.44 years in comparison to younger females (OR: 3.66; 95% CI: 1.85–7.21). In younger and lighter female athletes, the injuries were predominantly in the knee and ankle/foot. Conclusions: The male gender exhibited a greater risk of injury than the female gender. Greater age, weight and height were risk factors in both sexes. The most affected anatomic sites were the ankle/foot and knee.