The Epidemiology of US High School Basketball Injuries, 2005-2007
ABSTRACT With more than a million high school athletes playing during the 2006-2007 academic year, basketball is one of the most popular sports in the United States.
Basketball injury rates and patterns differ by gender and type of exposure.
Descriptive epidemiology study.
Basketball-related injury data were collected during the 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 academic years from 100 nationally representative US high schools via Reporting Information Online.
High school basketball players sustained 1518 injuries during 780 651 athlete exposures for an injury rate of 1.94 per 1000 athlete exposures. The injury rate per 1000 athlete exposures was greater during competition (3.27) than during practice (1.40; rate ratio, 2.33; 95% confidence interval, 2.10-2.57) and was greater among girls (2.08) than among boys (1.83; rate ratio, 1.14; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-1.26). The ankle/foot (39.7%), knee (14.7%), head/face/neck (13.6%), arm/hand (9.6%), and hip/thigh/upper leg (8.4%) were most commonly injured. The most frequent injury diagnoses were ligament sprains (44.0%), muscle/tendon strains (17.7%), contusions (8.6%), fractures (8.5%), and concussions (7.0%). Female basketball players sustained a greater proportion of concussions (injury proportion ratio, 2.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.49-3.91) and knee injuries (injury proportion ratio, 1.71; 95% confidence interval, 1.27-2.30), whereas boys more frequently sustained fractures (injury proportion ratio, 1.87; 95% confidence interval, 1.27-2.77) and contusions (injury proportion ratio, 1.52; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-2.31). The most common girls' injury requiring surgery was knee ligament sprains (47.9%).
High school basketball injury patterns vary by gender and type of exposure. This study suggests several areas of emphasis for targeted injury prevention interventions.
SourceAvailable from: Rogerio Teixeira de Carvalho[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Muscle injury causes functional impairment. The healing process takes time and fibrotic tissue can result. Recurrence and delayed recovery remain as unsolved problems. Surgical intervention can be a feasible alternative to avoid early and late complications associated with complete muscle tear in attempt to improve functional results. This article hopes to provide an update about surgical treatments for muscle tears in different scenarios.Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine 04/2015; 8(2). DOI:10.1007/s12178-015-9272-0
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DESCRIPTION: Abstract Background: The largest percentage of injuries in basketball affect the lower limbs, specially the ankle joint, and this is the major cause of missed days of training during a season. Moreover, ankle injuries can increase the risk factor of recurrent injuries. Objectives: To determine whether a training program, based on specific ankle exercises for basketball, causes a change in the dynamic stability of a healthy group of basketball players, using the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT). Also, to determine the ideal number of repetitions to obtain a reliable measure of the test. Materials and methods: Experimental study. Seventeen uninjured basketball players partici- pated (8 experimental (EG), 9 control (CG)) (EG = 15.12 yrs ± 0.83 yrs//CG = 14.67 yrs ± 1.0 yrs). The EG performed the training program during the warm-up, and the CG completed the regular warm-up. The SEBT was performed before and after the 6-week training program. In statistical analysis MANOVA 2* 2 was used per group and time. Results: Only the measurements for the Posterior-Lateral direction were significant, namely in 2 groups (CG: Mdif = 15.5, P = .002 (95% CI: 6.83-24.17 cm) EG: Mdif = 12.063, P = .014 (95% CI: 2.87-21.26 cm)). There were no differences in the SEBT between groups after the training protocol.
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ABSTRACT: The largest percentage of injuries in basketball affect the lower limbs, specially the ankle joint, and this is the major cause of missed days of training during a season. Moreover, ankle injuries can increase the risk factor of recurrent injuries.Apunts Medicine de l'Esport 04/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.apunts.2015.02.002