Ethical Issues in Health Research With Novel Online Sources
ABSTRACT Health-related research is increasingly drawing on novel sources of online data, such as crowdsourced information about disease outbreaks, consumer-supplied information provided to health or wellness Web sites, Internet search queries about personal health, and social network postings that identify health behaviors. We offer examples of online sources and their uses, identify ethical and policy issues they generate, and formulate key questions for future discussion and investigation. Further work in this area will require cross-disciplinary collaboration to develop ethics and policy guidance for the ethical use of these novel data sources in health-related research. (Am J Public Health. Published online ahead of print October 18, 2012: e1-e6. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2012.300813).
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- "Although some ethical issues involved in using social media for public health overlap with those of research (Vayena et al., 2012), there are unique issues to consider in public health surveillance and interventions using social media. Social media have great potential to improve public health. "
ABSTRACT: Social media have the potential to revolutionize health and healthcare, but fulfilling this potential requires attention to the ethical issues social media may raise. This article reviews the major ethical issues arising when social media are used for research, public health, mobile health applications, and global health. It focuses on social media use outside fiduciary relationships between healthcare professionals and patients. Emphasis is given to the potential of social media in these contexts, the ethical issues relatively unique to each, and where possible how existing ethical principles and frameworks could help navigate these issues. In some cases social media create the circumstance for particular ethical issues but also facilitate managing them, such as in informed consent for research. In other cases, disagreement exists about whether social media - despite their potential - should be used for certain purposes, such as in public health surveillance (where confidentiality represents a significant ethical concern). In still others, ethical uncertainty exists about how social media will affect ethical issues, such as inequality in global health. As social media technologies continue to develop, identifying and managing the ethical issues they raise will be critical to their success in improving health while preserving fundamental ethical values.International Review of Psychiatry 03/2015; 27(2):1-9. DOI:10.3109/09540261.2014.1001726 · 1.80 Impact Factor
Conference Paper: Power electronics-recent advances and future perspective[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In the history of industrial civilization, we have come a long way since the first industrial revolution when James Watt invented the steam engine to replace the muscle power by mechanical power. The invention of electrical machines and industrial application of electricity around one hundred years ago marked a significant milestone in this evolutionary process. Gradually, the advent of solid state semiconductor devices, power electronics, microelectronics, computers and computer-aided engineering techniques brought us well ahead in the midst of a modern industrial revolution. The paper highlights technological advances in power electronics and motion control and gives a brief perspective of the future. Particularly, it reviews a few selected applications from the recent literatureIndustrial Electronics, Control, and Instrumentation, 1993. Proceedings of the IECON '93., International Conference on; 12/1993
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ABSTRACT: We outline the fundamental properties of a highly participatory rapid learning system that can be developed in part from meaningful use of electronic health records (EHRs). Future widespread adoption of EHRs will make increasing amounts of medical information available in computable form. Secured and trusted use of these data, beyond their original purpose of supporting the health care of individual patients, can speed the progression of knowledge from the laboratory bench to the patient's bedside and provide a cornerstone for health care reform.Science translational medicine 11/2010; 2(57):57cm29. DOI:10.1126/scitranslmed.3001456 · 15.84 Impact Factor