Chirality-induced dynamic Kohn anomalies in graphene

Condensed Matter Theory Center, Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, USA.
Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.73). 09/2008; 101(6):066401. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.066401
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We develop a theory for the renormalization of the phonon energy dispersion in graphene due to the combined effects of both Coulomb and electron-phonon (e-ph) interactions. We obtain the renormalized phonon energy spectrum by an exact analytic derivation of the phonon self-energy, finding three distinct Kohn anomalies (KAs) at the phonon wave vector q=omega/v, 2k_{F}+/-omega/v for LO phonons and one at q=omega/v for TO phonons. The presence of these new KAs in graphene, in contrast to the usual KA q=2k_{F} in ordinary metals, originates from the dynamical screening of e-ph interaction (with a concomitant breakdown of the Born-Oppenheimer approximation) and the peculiar chirality of the graphene e-ph coupling.

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