Identification of PKDL, a Novel Polycystic Kidney Disease 2-Like Gene Whose Murine Homologue Is Deleted in Mice with Kidney and Retinal Defects

University of Verona, Verona, Veneto, Italy
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.6). 10/1998; 273(40):25967-25973. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.273.40.25967

ABSTRACT Polycystin-1 and polycystin-2 are the products ofPKD1 and PKD2, genes that are mutated in most cases of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Polycystin-2 shares ∼46% homology with
pore-forming domains of a number of cation channels. It has been suggested that polycystin-2 may function as a subunit of
an ion channel whose activity is regulated by polycystin-1. Here we report the identification of a human gene, PKDL, which encodes a new member of the polycystin protein family designated polycystin-L. Polycystin-L has 50% amino acid sequence
identity and 71% homology to polycystin-2 and has striking sequence and structural resemblance to the pore-forming α1 subunits
of Ca2+channels, suggesting that polycystin-L may function as a subunit of an ion channel. The full-length transcript of PKDL is expressed at high levels in fetal tissues, including kidney and liver, and down-regulated in adult tissues. PKDL was assigned to 10q24 by fluorescence in situ hybridization and is linked to D10S603 by radiation hybrid mapping. There is no evidence of linkage to PKDL in six ADPKD families that are unlinked toPKD1 or PKD2. The mouse homologue ofPKDL is deleted in Krd mice, a deletion mutant with defects in the kidney and eye. We propose that PKDL is an excellent candidate for as yet unmapped cystic diseases in man and animals.

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