Structure and anti-dengue virus activity of sulfated polysaccharide from a marine alga

Department of Biochemistry, University of Shizuoka, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Global COE Program for Innovation in Human Health Sciences, 52-1 Yada, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka-shi, Shizuoka 422-8526, Japan.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (Impact Factor: 2.28). 09/2008; 376(1):91-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.08.100
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A sulfated polysaccharide, named fucoidan, from the marine alga Cladosiphon okamuranus is comprised of carbohydrate units containing glucuronic acid and sulfated fucose residues. Here we found this compound potently inhibits dengue virus type 2 (DEN2) infection. Viral infection was inhibited when DEN2, but not other serotypes, was pretreated with fucoidan. A carboxy-reduced fucoidan derivative in which glucuronic acid was converted to glucose did not inhibit viral infection. Elimination of the sulfated function group from fucoidan significantly attenuated the inhibitory activity on DEN2 infection with <1% fucoidan. DEN2 particles bound exclusively to fucoidan, indicating that fucoidan interacts directly with envelope glycoprotein (EGP) on DEN2. Structure-based analysis suggested that Arg323 of DEN2 EGP, which is conformationally proximal to one of the putative heparin binding residues, Lys310, is critical for the interaction with fucoidan. In conclusion, both the sulfated group and glucuronic acid of fucoidan account for the inhibition of DEN2 infection.

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