Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy after transurethral resection of the prostate: surgical and functional outcomes.
ABSTRACT To compare the morbidity and functional results after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy with and without previous transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).
From May 1998 to January 2005, 640 patients underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, of whom 46 (7.2%) had previously undergone TURP. The perioperative and postoperative data were compared between group 1 (with previous TURP) and group 2 (without previous TURP). The functional results were assessed by self-administered questionnaires at 12 and 24 months after surgery.
In group 1, the operative time, hospital stay, and bladder catheterization duration was increased by 31 minutes, 1.9 days, and 2.9 days, respectively. The positive margin rate was not significantly different statistically between the two groups (P = .62). The 5-year actuarial freedom from biochemical recurrence rate was similar between the two groups (P = .86). Surgical complications occurred in 15.2% of group 1 and 5.7% of group 2 (P = .02). The risk of anastomotic stricture was 6.5% and 1.2% in groups 1 and 2, respectively (P = .02). Two years after surgery, the continence rate was 86.9% in group 1 and 95.8% in group 2 (P = .77), and the potency rate was 63.8% and 70.9%, respectively, after bilateral neurovascular bundle preservation (P = .61). However, neurovascular bundle preservation was performed after previous TURP in only 56.5% of group 1 vs 78.9% in group 2 (P = .02). The median follow-up was 50.8 months (range 30-107).
Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy can be performed after TURP without compromising the oncologic results. However, patients should be informed that the procedure is associated with worse intraoperative and postoperative outcomes. Although the urinary continence rate was not hampered by previous TURP, neurovascular bundle preservation is technically more difficult and compromises postoperative erectile function.
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical and functional outcomes in nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (nsLRPT) and nerve-sparing retropubic radical prostatectomy (nsRRPT) after TUR-P for incidental prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2003 and August 2011, 125 nsLRPT and 128 nsRRPT for incidental prostate cancer diagnosed after TUR-P were performed at our clinic. Demographic data, peri- and postoperative measurements and functional outcomes were compared. RESULTS: The mean operative time was 153.1 ± 35.4 min for nsLRPT and 122.5 ± 67.5 min for nsRRPT (p = 0.03). The mean catheterization time was 8 ± 1 days in the laparoscopic group and 11 ± 2 days in the open group (p = 0.02). Also, the length of hospitalization presents statistical significant difference in the two groups. Positive margins were detected in 2.4 and 4.7 % of patients with pT2c tumours in the laparoscopic and open groups, respectively (p = 0.09). At a mean follow-up of 26.9 ± 9.3 months for the nsLRPT group and of 27.8 ± 9.7 months for the nsRRPT group, all patients were alive with no evidence of tumour recurrence. Twelve months postoperatively, complete continence was reported in 96.8 % of patients who underwent an nsLRPT and in 89.4 % of patients in the nsRRPT group (p = 0.02). At that time, 74.4 % of patients in the nsLRPT group and 53.1 % in the nsRRPT group reported the ability to engage in sexual intercourse (p = 0.0004). CONCLUSION: nsLRPT after TUR-P, performed by expert surgeons, results to be a safe procedure with excellent functional outcomes with regard to the urinary continence and sexual potency.World Journal of Urology 02/2013; · 2.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To report on biochemical recurrence (BCR) and major complications in patients with prior prostate resection that underwent cryosurgery (CS) for prostate cancer. The Columbia University Urologic Oncology database identified patients that underwent CS after resection. Patient demographics, surgical details, prostate volume, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, biopsy results, major complications, and BCR were recorded. Prior resection for benign prostatic hyperplasia was identified in 32 patients who underwent CS. Median age was 70.7 years (range 54.9-83.1 years). Median prostate volume before and after resection was 40 (range 30-90) and 20 cm(3) (range 9-54), respectively. Median time from resection to CS was 50.4 months (range 0-178.1 months). Twenty-one (16 full and 5 focal gland ablations) and 11 patients underwent primary and salvage CS, respectively. Median prostate-specific antigen at CS was 5.9 ng/mL (range 0.1-18.4 ng/mL), with a median nadir post-CS of 0.1 ng/mL (range 0.04-12.2 ng/mL). Median follow-up was 41.2 months (range 8.9-154.2 months). According to Stuttgart and Phoenix definitions, 11 and 10 patients, respectively, experienced BCR. Three patients underwent further CS for disease recurrence. Overall complications were rare and minor. Patients with smaller glands postresection (<20 cc(3)) experienced a similar incidence of BCR as those with larger glands after CS in all the settings. Although no patients experienced major complications after primary CS, 18% (2/11) had grade III or higher complications in the salvage setting. Postresection gland volume was not associated with BCR. Further research is needed to evaluate functional and oncological outcomes in postresection patients after CS because they are considered high-risk for major complications.Urology 07/2013; · 2.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Bladder neck transection is one of the most difficult procedures for robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP), particularly in patients who have undergone previous transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P), and in those with large median lobes or prostate cancer protruding into the bladder neck. To ensure negative surgical margins and safely preserve the ureteral orifices during bladder neck transection, we propose the use of the transurethral resectoscope for making the incision in the bladder neck before initiating RALP. Thus, we developed a technique for bladder neck transection to facilitate this operation in such patients. Two Japanese men, aged 61 and 63 years, who were diagnosed with prostate cancer, received a transurethral marking incision of the bladder neck before starting RALP; prostate cancer developed in one patient after TUR-P and the other patient had cancer protruding into the bladder neck. A transurethral resectoscope was used to closely observe the ureteral orifices and bladder necks; the bladder necks were marked to indicate the depth from the mucosa to the muscular layer. During the RALP, the bladder necks were dissected to indicate the depth of the marking incision. The surgical margins were negative and perioperative complications did not occur. The Foley catheters were removed on postoperative day 6, according to the usual protocol. No urinary leakage from the anastomosis sites was observed. This technique, involving the use of an ordinary transurethral resectoscope, may be an easy procedure to ensure negative surgical margins, safely preserve the ureteral orifices, avoid increasing the bladder neck diameter, and achieve a good quality vesicourethral anastomosis that prevents the risk of suture-related tissue tears.BMC Urology 08/2013; 13(1):40. · 1.69 Impact Factor