IntraLase-enabled astigmatic keratotomy for postkeratoplasty astigmatism.
ABSTRACT To report on the outcomes of IntraLase-enabled astigmatic keratotomy (IEAK) and to compare it with manual astigmatic keratotomy (AK) for the management of postkeratoplasty astigmatism.
Retrospective, comparative case series.
Forty eyes of 39 patients treated at a cornea clinic at the Toronto Western Hospital were included. Twenty eyes underwent manual AK and 20 eyes underwent IEAK. The main outcome measures included preoperative and postoperative manifest refraction, uncorrected and best-corrected visual acuity (UCVA, BCVA), corneal topography, high-order ocular aberrations, and complications.
In the manual AK group, UCVA (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution) improved from 1.08 +/- 0.29 before surgery to 0.93 +/- 0.45 after surgery (P = .09), and in the IEAK group, UCVA improved from 1.14 +/- 0.42 before surgery to 0.82 +/- 0.44 after the procedure (P = .004). BCVA improved from 0.63 +/- 0.40 to 0.44 +/- 0.38 (manual AK; P = .16) and from 0.52 +/- 0.38 to 0.29 +/- 0.26 (IEAK; P = .01), respectively. Mean cylinder reduction was 3.23 +/- 4.69 diopters in the manual AK group and 4.26 +/- 1.72 diopters in the IEAK group (P = .36). Two eyes in each group lost one line of BCVA. Three patients (15%) in the manual AK group had corneal perforation and required resuturing of the AK wound (P = .23) Overcorrection occurred at a similar rate in the two groups.
Treatment of postkeratoplasty astigmatism with IntraLase is a safe and effective surgical procedure and resulted in a significant improvement in UCVA and BCVA compared with manual AK. A larger sample series is needed to refine further this new technique of AK and to compare it with accepted manual techniques.
SourceAvailable from: PubMed Central[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Purpose. To analyze the prevalence and presentation patterns of corneal astigmatism in cataract surgery candidates in a teaching hospital in northern China. Methods. From May 1, 2012, to April 30, 2013, partial coherence interferometry (IOLMaster) measurements of all qualified cataract surgery candidates were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Results. The study evaluated 12,449 eyes from 6,908 patients with a mean age of 69.80 ± 11.15 (SD) years. The corneal astigmatism was 0.5 diopters (D) or less in 20.76% of eyes, 1.0 D or more in 47.27% of eyes, 2.0 D or more in 13.16% of eyes, and 3.0 D or more in 3.75% of eyes. With-the-rule astigmatism was found in 30.36% of eyes, while against-the-rule was found in 52.41% of eyes. The percentage of against-the-rule astigmatism increased with age. Conclusion. Our study showed that almost one-half of preoperative eyes (47.27%) in northern China have a corneal astigmatism of 1.0 D or more, indicating that more surgical techniques or toric IOLs are needed to achieve better visual rehabilitation.Journal of Ophthalmology 01/2014; 2014:536412. DOI:10.1155/2014/536412 · 1.94 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We present a case of corneal perforation secondary to an intrastromal astigmatic keratotomy performed with an optical coherence tomography-guided femtosecond laser. The keratotomy was concomitant with cataract surgery and resulted in a flat anterior chamber prior to the start of lens extraction. Interrupted nylon sutures were placed to seal the keratotomy prior to phacoemulsification. Escape of cavitation bubbles into the anterior chamber or the liquid interface can alert the surgeon to the possibility of unintended perforation of the endothelium or the epithelium, respectively.Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 07/2014; 40(7):1224-7. DOI:10.1016/j.jcrs.2014.04.021 · 2.55 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report a case of 18-year-old male who has undergone phacoemulsification with implantation of toric IOL (AcrySof IQ SN6AT9) after fixation of lens capsule with Cionni's capsular tension ring (CTR) for subluxated traumatic cataract with high astigmatism after deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK). He underwent right eye DALK for advanced keratoconus four years earlier. He had history of trauma one year later with displaced clear crystalline lens into anterior chamber and graft dehiscence, which was repaired successfully. The graft survived, but patient developed cataract with subluxated lens, for which phacoemulsification with implantation of toric IOL was done. Serial topography showed regular corneal astigmatism of -5.50 diopter (K 1 42.75 D @130°, K 2 48.25 D @40°). At 10-month follow-up, the patient has BCVA 20/30 with + 0.75 DS/- 1.75 DC @ 110°. The capsular bag is quite stable with well-centered IOL. Combination of Cionni's ring with toric IOL could be a good option to manage such complex cases.Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 07/2014; 62(7):819-22. DOI:10.4103/0301-4738.138294 · 0.93 Impact Factor