Prevalence of Bartonella species antibodies and Bartonella species DNA in the blood of cats with and without fever

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.
Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery (Impact Factor: 1.22). 09/2008; 11(2):141-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfms.2008.06.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are associations between Bartonella species antibody (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blot (WB)) and polymerase chain reaction assay results in cats with and without fever. Afebrile control cats (39/93; 42.0%) were more likely to have Bartonella species antibodies than cats with fever (29/93; 31.2%). The difference in prevalence of Bartonella species deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in blood of cats with fever (14/81; 17.3%) as compared to afebrile control cats (6/81; 7.4%) approached statistical significance (P=0.0571). Bartonella species ELISA or WB results frequently did not correlate to the presence or absence of Bartonella species DNA in blood. The results of this study indicate that in cats, Bartonella species antibody tests cannot predict whether fever is due to Bartonella species infection and should not be used to determine the Bartonella species infection status.

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    • "Australia: Whole blood DNA from client-owned, domestic cats from Eastern Australia was available for FcaGHV qPCR (n ¼110) (Barrs et al., 2010). Data available for analyses were: sex, age (6 months—2 years or 42 years), neuter status, environment (indoor only or outdoor access), state of domicile (New South Wales, Queensland or Victoria), serology for Bartonella spp IgG (Lappin et al., 2009) and results of PCR assays for Mycoplasma haemofelis (Mhf), Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum (Mhm) (Jensen et al., 2001), Bartonella henselae and Bartonella clarridgeiae (Jensen et al., 2000). Cats were classified as either healthy or sick by the attending veterinarian based on the findings of a physical examination and, where available, medical history. "
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