Roux-en-Y gastric bypass stands the test of time: 5-year results in low body mass index (30-35 kg/m(2)) Indian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Our objective was to evaluate the long-term results of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on excess weight loss, remission of the metabolic syndrome, and complications in Indian patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with a body mass index of 30-35 kg/m(2). The setting was a corporate hospital in Mumbai, India. METHODS: The present prospective observational study was begun in January 2006. A total of 52 patients with uncontrolled T2DM and a body mass index of 30-35 kg/m(2) elected to undergo laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The duration of T2DM was 3.5-14.5 years (median 8.4). Of the 52 patients, 61.5% had hypertension and 59.6% had dyslipidemia. Remission of T2DM and other components of the metabolic syndrome were assessed. All patients were followed up for 5 years. RESULTS: The median percentage of excess weight loss was 72.2% at 1 year and 67.8% at 5 years. Of the 52 patients, 84.6% had achieved euglycemia and 73.1% had achieved complete remission, 23.1% partial remission, and 3.84% no remission at 1 year. Weight regain occurred in 8 patients. They required antihypertensive drugs and statins, decreasing the complete remission rate to 57.7% and partial remission rate to 38.5% at 5 years. However, 96.2% improvement in metabolic status was found at the end of 5 years. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a safe, efficacious, and cost-effective treatment for uncontrolled T2DM in patients with a body mass index of 30-35 kg/m(2). Early-onset T2DM, better weight loss, and greater C-peptide levels were predictors of success after surgery. The improvement after surgery in hyperglycemia, hypertension, and dyslipidemia could help in controlling the occurrence of micro- and macrovascular complications and decrease the morbidity and mortality associated with T2DM.
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ABSTRACT: This study aims to assess the long-term effects of bariatric surgery on type 2 diabetic patients. We searched Cochrane Library, PubMed, and EMbase up to Dec 2013. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies of bariatric surgery for diabetes patients that reported data with more than 2 years of follow-up were included. We used rigorous methods to screen studies for eligibility and collected data using standardized forms. Where applicable, we pooled data by meta-analyses. Twenty-six studies, including 2 RCTs and 24 cohort studies that enrolled 7883 patients, proved eligible. Despite the differences in the design, those studies consistently showed that bariatric surgery offered better treatment outcomes than non-surgical options. Pooling of cohort studies showed that BMI decreased by 13.4 kg/m(2) (95 % confidence interval (CI), -17.7 to -9.1), fasting blood glucose by 59.7 mg/dl (95 % CI, -74.6 to -44.9), and glycated hemoglobin by 1.8 % (95 % CI, -2.4 to -1.3). Diabetes was improved or in remission in 89.2 % of patients, and 64.7 % of patients was in remission. Weight loss and diabetes remission were greatest in patients undergoing biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch, followed by gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, and adjustable gastric banding. Bariatric surgery may achieve sustained weight loss, glucose control, and diabetes remission. Large randomized trials with long-term follow-up are warranted to demonstrate the effect on outcomes important to patients (e.g., cardiovascular events).Obesity Surgery 10/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11695-014-1460-2 · 3.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Bariatric surgery has proven results for diabetes remission in obese diabetics. Despite this, a lot of ambiguity exists around patient selection. The objectives of this study are the following: (1) evaluation of results of laparoscopic Roux-en-y gastric bypass (LRYGB) in obese type 2 diabetic (T2DM) Indian patients at 5 years and (2) to define predictors of success after surgery.Obesity Surgery 11/2014; DOI:10.1007/s11695-014-1501-x · 3.74 Impact Factor
02/2015, Degree: PhD, Supervisor: Francisco Castro e Sousa