Altered Expression of ezrin, E-Cadherin and β-Catenin in Cervical Neoplasia.
ABSTRACT High-grade cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions (CIN) as well as squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the cervix are associated with persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. A number of cellular events play a role in HPV pathogenesis and in the development of cervical lesions, including alterations in cell adhesion and motility. The crucial plasma membrane - cytoskeleton linker protein ezrin of the Ezrin-Radixin-Moesin (ERM) protein family is involved in the regulation of cell morphology, cell adhesion and invasion. Based on our previous work on ERM proteins we sought out to study the expression of ezrin in cervical premalignant lesions. We also studied the expression of E-cadherin and β-catenin, which play an important role in epithelial cell adhesion. We observed intensifying expression of ezrin along with progressing grade of neoplasia. Ezrin staining was found to colocalize with p16 staining in high-risk HPV associated lesions. Expression of E-cadherin and β-catenin was found to be altered along with the severity of the lesion, similar to ezrin. Enhanced expression of ezrin in cervical HPV associated lesions suggests a role in the development of cervical neoplasia and cancer. Further clinical evaluation should reveal the feasibility of ezrin as a biomarker for the progression of cervical lesions. Keywords: CIN, ezrin; HPV, papillomavirus.
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ABSTRACT: High risk (oncogenic) human papillomavirus (HPV) infection causes cervical cancer. Infections are common but most clear naturally. Persistent infection can progress to cancer. Pre-neoplastic disease (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia/CIN) is classified by histology (CIN1-3) according to severity. Cervical abnormalities are screened for by cytology and/or detection of high risk HPV but both methods are imperfect for prediction of which women need treatment. There is a need to understand the host virus interactions that lead to different disease outcomes and to develop biomarker tests for accurate triage of infected women. As cancer is increasingly presumed to develop from proliferative, tumour initiating, cancer stem cells (CSCs), and as other oncogenic viruses induce stem cell associated gene expression, we evaluated whether presence of mRNA (detected by qRT-PCR) or proteins (detected by flow cytometry and antibody based proteomic microarray) from stem cell associated genes and/or increased cell proliferation (detected by flow cytometry) could be detected in well-characterised, routinely collected cervical samples from high risk HPV+ve women. Both cytology and histology results were available for most samples with moderate to high grade abnormality. We found that stem cell associated proteins including human chorionic gonadotropin, thePLoS ONE 12/2014; 9(12). DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0115379 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ezrin, a member of the ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM) protein family, plays a pivotal role in tumor invasion and metastasis. This study is aimed to investigate the clinicopathological significance of upregulated ezrin protein expression in uterine cervical cancers. Immunohistochemical staining of ezrin protein was performed on uterine cervical cancer specimens from 235 patients. For comparison, 239 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), 17 cases of cervical glandular intraepithelial neoplasia (CGIN) and 52 normal cervix samples were also included. qRT-PCR was performed on fresh tissues to detect ezrin mRNA expression levels. HPV infection statuses were genotyped by oligonucleotide microarray, and 10-year survival rates were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method for 109 cervical cancer patients. Apical membranous distribution of ezrin protein was only observed in normal cervical glands, while perinuclear staining was only observed in cervical cancers. Strong cytoplasmic and diffuse localization of ezrin were frequently seen in the cervical cancers compared with the normal counterparts. Furthermore, this strongly positive ezrin expression was significantly higher in cervical cancers than in CIN, CGIN, and normal cervical epithelia. Ezrin overexpression was closely related with poor differentiation, late stage, and lymph node metastasis. Additionally, ezrin overexpression was associated with lower 10-year survival rate for patients with early stage cervical cancer, but not for patients with advanced stage. Aberrant localization and overexpression of ezrin might be an independent effective biomarker for prognostic evaluation of cervical cancers.BMC Cancer 11/2013; 13(1):520. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-13-520 · 3.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Persistent human papilloma virus 16 (HPV16) infections are a major cause of cervical cancer. The integration of the viral DNA into the host genome causes E2 gene disruption which prevents apoptosis and increases host cell motility. In cervical cancer patients, survival is limited by local infiltration and systemic dissemination. Surgical control rates are poor in cases of parametrial infiltration. In these patients, radiotherapy (RT) is administered to enhance local control. However, photon irradiation itself has been reported to increase cell motility. In cases of E2-disrupted cervical cancers, this phenomon would impose an additional risk of enhanced tumor cell motility. Here, we analyze mechanisms underlying photon-increased migration in keratinocytes with differential E2 gene status. Isogenic W12 (intact E2 gene status) and S12 (disrupted E2 gene status) keratinocytes were analyzed in fibronectin-based and serum-stimulated migration experiments following single photon doses of 0, 2, and 10 Gy. Quantitative FACS analyses of integrin expression were performed. Migration and adhesion are increased in E2 gene-disrupted keratinocytes. E2 gene disruption promotes attractability by serum components, therefore, effectuating the risk of local infiltration and systemic dissemination. In S12 cells, migration is further increased by photon RT which leads to enhanced expression of fibronectin receptor integrins. HPV16-associated E2 gene disruption is a main predictor of treatment-refractory cancer virulence. E2 gene disruption promotes cell motility. Following photon RT, E2-disrupted tumors bear the risk of integrin-related infiltration and dissemination.Strahlentherapie und Onkologie 03/2014; 190(10). DOI:10.1007/s00066-014-0649-6 · 2.73 Impact Factor