Molecular and functional analysis of the HEXB gene in Italian patients affected with Sandhoff disease: identification of six novel alleles.

Unità di Malattie Metaboliche, IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, Italy.
Neurogenetics (Impact Factor: 2.66). 09/2008; 10(1):49-58. DOI: 10.1007/s10048-008-0145-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We report the molecular characterization of 12 unrelated Italian patients affected with Sandhoff disease (SD), a recessively inherited disorder caused by mutations in HEXB gene. We identified 11 different mutations of which six are novel: one large deletion of 2,406 nt, (c.299+1471_408del2406), one frameshift mutation c.965delT (p.I322fsX32), one nonsense c.1372C>T (p.Q458X), and three splicing mutations (c.299G>T, c.300-2A>G and c.512-1G>T). One allele was only characterized at the messenger RNA (mRNA) level (r = 1170_1242del). Real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis of the HEXB mRNA from fibroblasts derived from patients carrying the novel point mutations showed that the presence of the premature termination codon in the transcript bearing the mutation c.965delT triggers the nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) pathway, which results in the degradation of the aberrant mRNA. The presence of the c.299G>T mutation leads to the degradation of the mutated mRNA by a mechanism other than NMD, while mutations c.300-2A>G and c.512-1G>T cause the expression of aberrant transcripts. In our group, the most frequent mutation was c.850C>T (p.R284X) representing 29% of the alleles. Haplotype analysis suggested that this mutation did not originate from a single genetic event. Interestingly, the common 16-kb deletion mutation was absent. This work provides valuable information regarding the molecular genetics of SD in Italy and provides new insights into the molecular basis of the disease.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sandhoff disease is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by β-hexosaminidase deficiency and accumulation of GM2 ganglioside resulting in progressive motor neuron manifestations and death from respiratory failure and infections in infantiles. Pathogenic mutations in HEXB gene were observed which leads to enzyme activity reduction and interruption of normal metabolic cycle of GM2 ganglioside in sandhoff patients. Six infantile index patients with typical biochemical and clinical picture of the disease were studied at the molecular level. After DNA extraction and amplification, probands and their parents, were evaluated by direct sequencing of amplicons. We identified 7 different mutations among which 4 were novel. The most prevalent finding (50%) among our population was a 16 kb deletion including the promoter and exons 1-5. The other findings included c.1552delG and c.410G>A, c.362 A>G, c.550delT, c.1597C>T, c.1752delTG. We conclude that Cys137Tyr and R533C mutations may be pathogenic because of changing amino acid and locating at the conserved region and also they have not been observed in hundred controls. Besides, four mutations including: Cys137Tyr, c.1552delG, c.1597C>T and c.550delT fulfilled almost criteria for pathogenic mutation.
    Iranian Journal of Public Health 01/2012; 41(3):112-8. · 0.58 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis & frontotemporal degeneration. 07/2013;
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sandhoff disease is a rare, genetic, lipid storage disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of the nerve cells (neurons) in the brain and spinal cord. This disease is caused by mutations in the beta-hexosaminidase beta-subunit (HEXB) gene. Here, we investigate the clinical characteristics and molecular basis of Sandhoff disease in an infant female patient from Jordan. The initial sign was nystagmus, which was noted at birth. To our knowledge, this is the first report of Sandhoff disease from Jordan. Introducing lysosomal enzyme assays to the testing of children with global developmental delay with unknown etiology in countries with high rates of consanguinity will not only increase the percentage of diagnosed cases, but will also help orient genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis and eventually will reduce the overall burden of disabilities in these countries.
    European journal of paediatric neurology: EJPN: official journal of the European Paediatric Neurology Society 05/2014; · 2.01 Impact Factor


Available from
May 20, 2014