Prevalence, comorbidity, and risk factors for functional bowel symptoms: a population-based survey in Northern Norway.

Department of Gastroenterology, Nordland Hospital , Bodø , Norway.
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 2.33). 11/2012; 47(11):1274-82. DOI: 10.3109/00365521.2012.688215
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Abstract Objective. To assess the occurrence of functional bowel (FB) symptoms in Northern Norway, and to describe gender differences, comorbidity, and association to risk factors, including Helicobacter pylori infection. Materials and methods. Adult subjects (18-85 years) from the communities Bodø and Sørreisa were invited to complete a questionnaire on gastrointestinal symptoms, and to provide stool samples for assessment of H. pylori. Results. Of 3927 invited subjects, 1731 (44.1%) responded to the questionnaire and 1416 (36.0%) provided stool samples. Functional bowel symptoms were found in 25%, somewhat more frequent in females (28.6%). Symptom pattern differed between genders only with regard to constipation. Presence of FB symptoms was significantly associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms, headache, dizziness, palpitations, sleep disturbances, and musculoskeletal symptoms. Psychometric traits were also more prevalent: feeling of low coping ability, feeling depressed, feeling of time pressure, and a low self-evaluation of health. In a multivariate regression model, factors that influenced the reporting FB symptoms were male gender (OR 0.71, 95% CI (0.52; 0.96)), age 50-69 years or ≥70 years (OR 0.49 (0.30; 0.80) and 0.40 (0.21; 0.79)), obesity (OR 1.61 (1.05; 2.47)), NSAID use (OR 2.50 (1.63; 3.83)), and previous abdominal surgery (OR 1.54 (1.05; 2.26)). The presence of H. pylori was not associated with FB symptoms. Conclusions. Functional bowel symptoms are prevalent, but our findings may be prone to self-selection bias. FB symptoms carry a significant burden of comorbidity. Female gender and low age are known risk factors for FB symptoms, whereas NSAID use as a risk factor deserves further clarification.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Constipation is an uncomfortable and common condition that affects many, irrespective of age. Since 1500 BC and before, health care practitioners have provided treatments and prevention strategies to patients for chronic constipation despite the significant variation in both medical and personal perceptions of the condition.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms suggestive of an infant/toddler functional gastrointestinal disorder (FGID) as reported by parents in a representative community sample. Mothers (n = 320) of children aged 0-3 years old were recruited in the US and completed a questionnaire about their child's and their own gastrointestinal symptoms. By Rome criteria, 27% of infants/toddlers qualified for FGIDs. Infant regurgitation was the most common disorder in infants and functional constipation in toddlers. No age, sex, or race differences were found in FGID diagnoses. Compared with those who did not meet Rome criteria, toddlers with FGID had lower quality of life (M = 80.1 vs M = 90.3, P < .001), increased medical visits (M = 0.38 vs 0.14; P < .05), mental health visits (M = 0.29 vs 0.06; P < .05), and hospital stays (M = 0.35 vs 0.06; P < .01). A child was more likely to suffer from hard stools if the parent also reported hard stools (P = .02), but similar association was not found with loose stools. FGIDs are common in infants and toddlers and can be identified in the general population. They do not vary with sex and race. Quality of life is reduced in those with FGIDs. More research is needed into these largely neglected conditions as it may improve the lives of a significant number of young children. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Pediatrics 12/2014; 166(3). DOI:10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.11.039 · 3.74 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives To identify the prevalence of sleep disturbance in women seeking treatment for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and identify correlates of poor sleep quality in this population by using a validated sleep scale. Study Design This is a cohort study of female patients with pelvic organ prolapse. Main Outcome Measures: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Pelvic Floor Disorders Inventory (PFDI), and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ) measures were completed. Demographic data, medical comorbidities, medications, and physical examinations were also recorded. Results 407 women were enrolled. Analysis was performed on the 250 subjects who completed all PSQI components. Subjects were predominantly white, with a mean age of 61 ± 11 years and mean BMI of 28 ± 5 kg/m2. The majority (71%) had Stage III prolapse. Half (N = 127) had poor sleep quality (PSQI >5). Women with poor sleep quality were younger, had more medical comorbidities, more pelvic floor symptoms, more nocturia, more depressive symptoms, and took more time to fall asleep. Factors associated with sleep quality were evaluated using multivariable linear regression models. Worse sleep scores were associated with each of the PFDI subscores (urinary, prolapse, bowel), depressive symptoms, severe nocturia symptoms, and number of comorbidities. Conclusions Poor sleep is prevalent in women with prolapse. Pelvic floor symptoms as measured by PFDI sub-scales, were associated with poor sleep quality. Future studies are needed to better understand how sleep disturbances may contribute to the impact of pelvic floor symptoms on quality of life.
    Maturitas 11/2014; 80(2). DOI:10.1016/j.maturitas.2014.10.015 · 2.86 Impact Factor