To assess the occurrence of functional bowel (FB) symptoms in Northern Norway, and to describe gender differences, comorbidity, and association to risk factors, including Helicobacter pylori infection.
Materials and methods:
Adult subjects (18-85 years) from the communities Bodø and Sørreisa were invited to complete a questionnaire on gastrointestinal symptoms, and to provide stool samples for assessment of H. pylori.
Of 3927 invited subjects, 1731 (44.1%) responded to the questionnaire and 1416 (36.0%) provided stool samples. Functional bowel symptoms were found in 25%, somewhat more frequent in females (28.6%). Symptom pattern differed between genders only with regard to constipation. Presence of FB symptoms was significantly associated with gastroesophageal reflux symptoms, headache, dizziness, palpitations, sleep disturbances, and musculoskeletal symptoms. Psychometric traits were also more prevalent: feeling of low coping ability, feeling depressed, feeling of time pressure, and a low self-evaluation of health. In a multivariate regression model, factors that influenced the reporting FB symptoms were male gender (OR 0.71, 95% CI (0.52; 0.96)), age 50-69 years or ≥70 years (OR 0.49 (0.30; 0.80) and 0.40 (0.21; 0.79)), obesity (OR 1.61 (1.05; 2.47)), NSAID use (OR 2.50 (1.63; 3.83)), and previous abdominal surgery (OR 1.54 (1.05; 2.26)). The presence of H. pylori was not associated with FB symptoms.
Functional bowel symptoms are prevalent, but our findings may be prone to self-selection bias. FB symptoms carry a significant burden of comorbidity. Female gender and low age are known risk factors for FB symptoms, whereas NSAID use as a risk factor deserves further clarification.
"This finding is in accordance with previous research . Beyond this, our study provides additional documentation of disease clustering, indicating identifiable patterns linked to the selected index conditions gastro-esophageal reflux, thyroidal disease and dental/periodontal health, again in accordance with previous observations           . Our findings add to the accumulating documentation that patterns of morbidity are ubiquitous and transcend the biomedical dichotomies somatic/mental and organic/functional and also the diagnostic categories within the specialized medical domains. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Non Celiac Gluten sensitivity (NCGS) was originally described in the 1980s and recently a "re-discovered" disorder characterized by intestinal and extra-intestinal symptoms related to the ingestion of gluten-containing food, in subjects that are not affected with either celiac disease (CD) or wheat allergy (WA). Although NCGS frequency is still unclear, epidemiological data have been generated that can help establishing the magnitude of the problem. Clinical studies further defined the identity of NCGS and its implications in human disease. An overlap between the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and NCGS has been detected, requiring even more stringent diagnostic criteria. Several studies suggested a relationship between NCGS and neuropsychiatric disorders, particularly autism and schizophrenia. The first case reports of NCGS in children have been described. Lack of biomarkers is still a major limitation of clinical studies, making it difficult to differentiate NCGS from other gluten related disorders. Recent studies raised the possibility that, beside gluten, wheat amylase-trypsin inhibitors and low-fermentable, poorly-absorbed, short-chain carbohydrates can contribute to symptoms (at least those related to IBS) experienced by NCGS patients. In this paper we report the major advances and current trends on NCGS.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Context The irritable bowel syndrome and primary headache are two chronic diseases characterized by symptoms of recurring pain and affect approximately 10%-20% of the general population. Objectives To study the prevalence of primary headache in volunteers with irritable bowel syndrome in a Brazilian urban community. Methods It was evaluated the prevalence of primary headache associated with irritable bowel syndrome in adult volunteers 330 no patients.The protocol included the Rome III criteria, international classification of Headaches, later divided into four groups: I- Irritable bowel syndrome (n = 52), II- Primary headache (n = 45), III-Irritable bowel syndrome (n = 26) and headache, and IV- Controls (207). Results We not found significant difference in the average age of the four groups and the diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome, primary headache and their association was more frequent in females. The frequent use of analgesics was greater in groups II and III. Conclusion Our results suggest that irritable bowel syndrome and primary headache are also common in third world countries. The frequency in use of analgesics in association between the two entities was relevant. The identification of irritable bowel syndrome patients with different clinical sub-types could improve the therapeutics options and the prevention strategies.
Arquivos de gastroenterologia 12/2013; 50(4):281-4. DOI:10.1590/S0004-28032013000400008
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