Patient-reported outcomes after fixed-versus mobile-bearing total knee replacement - A multi-centre randomised controlled trial using the Kinemax total knee replacement
ABSTRACT We compared patient-reported outcomes of the Kinemax fixed- and mobile-bearing total knee replacement in a multi-centre randomised controlled trial. Patients were randomised to the fixed- or the mobile-bearing prosthesis via a sealed envelope method after the bone cuts had been made in the operating theatre. Randomisation was stratified by centre and diagnosis. Patients were assessed pre-operatively and at eight to 12 weeks, one year and two years post-operatively. Validated questionnaires were used which included the Western Ontario MacMasters University, Short-Form 12, Mental Health Index-5, Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score for Knee-Related Quality of Life and Function in Sport and Recreation scales and a validated scale of satisfaction post-operatively. In total, 242 patients (250 knees) with a mean age of 68 years (40 to 80) were recruited from four NHS orthopaedic centres. Of these, 132 patients (54.5%) were women. No statistically significant differences could be identified in any of the patient-reported outcome scores between patients who received the fixed-bearing or the mobile-bearing knee up to two-years post-operatively.
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ABSTRACT: A subgroup of patients undergoing TKA is unhappy with the outcome of surgery and preoperative psychological factors may play a role in their dissatisfaction. We asked whether (1) psychological factors, as measured by preoperative self-reported questionnaires, predicted poor outcome after TKA, and (2) whether certain psychological factors examined predicted poor outcome better than others. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective observational studies published in MEDLINE, CINAHL(®), EMBASE™, and PsycINFO(®) databases from their date of inception to October 2013, augmented with a manual search of bibliographies. Study eligibility was performed according to an a priori protocol. Included studies were assessed for quality according to the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Two reviewers independently performed the search, identified eligible studies, assessed their methodologic quality, and extracted data. Outcomes of interest included postoperative dissatisfaction, pain, or limited function of the patients. A total of 19 studies (17 cohort studies and two cross-sectional surveys) containing data on 9046 TKAs performed in 8704 adult patients were included in the review. Mean patient age was 68 years and followup ranged from 6 to 60 months (mean study followup, 14 months). Clinical and methodologic heterogeneity in study design prevented the statistical pooling of data and subsequent meta-analysis. Dissatisfaction rates with TKA ranged from 7.5% to 28.3%. Psychological health was deemed a significant predictor of satisfaction, pain, or function at a minimum of 6 months after TKA in 16 studies. The remaining three studies did not find this relationship. Baseline mental health factors may affect patient satisfaction, their long-term perception of pain, and their motivation to return to the desired level of function. We were unable to determine the most relevant psychological states or the most appropriate way to assess them with our systematic review. The preoperative psychological state of a patient may affect the outcome after a TKA. A comprehensive psychological assessment of patients is required to examine the long-term effect of such psychological factors on the eventual outcomes of TKA once the recovery phase is complete and to assess the effect that treatment for these psychological conditions may have on decreasing the dissatisfaction rate with TKA in this population.Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 03/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11999-015-4234-9 · 2.88 Impact Factor
Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) 02/2015; 2:CD003130. DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD003130.pub3 · 5.94 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although continuous improvements have been made, there is still a considerable amount of unsatisfied patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A main reason for this high percentage is anterior knee pain, which is supposed to be provoked by post-operative increased retropatellar peak pressure. Since rotational malalignment of the implant is believed to contribute to post-operative pain, the aim of this study was to examine the influence of tibial component rotation on knee kinematics and retropatellar pressure. Eight fresh-frozen knee specimens were tested in a weight-bearing knee rig after fixed-bearing TKA under a loaded squat from 20° to 120° of flexion. To examine tibial components with different rotations, special inlays with 3° internal rotation and 3° external rotation were produced and retropatellar pressure distribution was measured with a pressure-sensitive film. The kinematics of the patella and the femorotibial joint were recorded with an ultrasonic-based motion analysis system. Retropatellar peak pressure decreased significantly from 3° internal rotation to neutral position and 3° external rotation of the tibial component (8.5 ± 2.3 vs. 8.2 ± 2.4 vs. 7.8 ± 2.5 MPa). Regarding knee kinematics femorotibial rotation and anterior-posterior translation, patella rotation and tilt were altered significantly, but relative changes remained minimal. Changing tibial rotation revealed a high in vitro influence on retropatellar peak pressure. We recommend the rotational alignment of the tibial component to the medial third of the tibial tuberosity or even more externally beyond that point to avoid anterior knee pain after TKA.Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 01/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00167-015-3503-1 · 2.84 Impact Factor