Focal cemento-osseous dysplasia: a systematic review
ABSTRACT To evaluate the principal features of focal cemento-osseous dysplasia (FocCOD) by systematic review (SR) and to compare their frequencies between four global groups.
Alternative names for FocCOD were used as search terms. The databases searched were the PubMed interface of Medline and LILACS (Literature Index for Latin-America and the Caribbean; Biblioteca Regional de Medicina (BIREME)). Only those reports of FocCODs which occurred in a series in the reporting authors' caseload were considered. All cases used radiographs and were confirmed fibro-osseous lesions histopathologically.
Of the 20 series considered, 10 were included in the SR. Five SR-included series were of East Asian communities. 64% of all SR-included cases were found incidentally. FocCOD predominantly affects females and the mandible. The three predominant radiological presentations varied significantly between reports.
The two at-risk global communities appear to be East Asians and those of black African origin. Although there appears to be little difference between East Asians and non-East Asians, the significant differences between them with regards to the predominant radiological presentation could suggest that either all communities vary in their presentation or that most, if not all, did not reflect the true frequency within their communities. Long-term follow-up of large series that would have revealed the long-term outcomes of FocCODs was lacking. This is necessary because of both FocCOD's predilection of edentulous areas, increasingly required for osseointegrated implants, and its wide differential diagnosis, which includes some lesions normally treated by surgery.
Article: Maxillofacial fibro-osseous lesions[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: During the last decade much has changed in our understanding of fibro-osseous lesions (FOLs) of the jaws with regards to their imaging, their nomenclature and classification, and their potential impact on the overall health of the patient. The changes in nomenclature, classification, and the FOLs' potential association with important syndromes are discussed with the assistance of a flowchart. The lesions, fibrous dysplasia (FD), ossifying fibroma (OF), and osseous dysplasia (OD), though with similar histopathology, have very different clinical and radiological presentations, behaviour, and treatment outcomes. FD of the jaw, which though becoming inactive, does not involute and therefore requires life-long review to monitor for occasional reactivation. OF is completely removed surgically as it has a propensity to recur. No treatment is generally required for an OD unless it is infected or displays expansion. Lesions outside the jaws associated with FOLs of the jaws are identified. Radiology remains central to the diagnosis of FOLs of the jaw, because the pathologist is still not able to distinguish between them. The advent of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) with its better radiation dose reduction, accessibility, and spatial resolution has transformed imaging of FOLs. Their presentations on CBCT and the clinical indications for its use are discussed.Clinical Radiology 10/2014; 70(1). DOI:10.1016/j.crad.2014.06.022 · 1.66 Impact Factor
Article: Mandibular Mass09/2014; 140(10). DOI:10.1001/jamaoto.2014.1984
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