Article

Strength and Conditioning Considerations for Female Mixed Martial Artists

Strength and conditioning journal (Impact Factor: 0.6). 01/2012; 34(1):66-75. DOI: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e31824443e2

ABSTRACT MIXED MARTIAL ARTS (MMA) IS A COMBAT SPORT THAT COMBINES BRAZILIAN JIU-JITSU (BJJ), MUAY THAI KICKBOXING, AND WRESTLING. ATHLETIC PERFORMANCE CAN BE ENHANCED BY THE APPLICATION OF A TRAINING PROGRAM SPECIFIC TO MMA, WHICH IS A PHYSICALLY DEMANDING ACTIVITY THAT USES BOTH ANAEROBIC AND AEROBIC ENERGY SYSTEMS. THERE IS NO PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH REGARDING THE BEST POSSIBLE TRAINING METHODS FOR A FEMALE MMA FIGHTER. THIS ARTICLE WILL ASSESS THE PHYSIOLOGICAL DEMANDS OF MMA, EXAMINE THE NEEDS OF FEMALE COMBAT ATHLETES, DISCUSS PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH ABOUT COMBAT SPORT TRAINING METHODS, AND SUGGEST PROPER SPORT-SPECIFIC TRAINING STRUCTURES THAT WILL OPTIMIZE PERFORMANCE AND REDUCE THE RISK OF INJURY.

5 Bookmarks
 · 
283 Views
  • Source
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although a popular endeavor, boxing has fallen under increased scrutiny because of its association with traumatic brain injury. However, few studies have investigated the overall epidemiology of boxing injuries from representative samples, and no study has ever documented the incidence of injuries in female boxers. This study is a review of professional boxing data from the state of Nevada from September 2001 through March 2003. Medical and outcome data for all professional boxing matches occurring in Nevada between September 2001 and March 2003 (n = 524 matches) were analyzed on the basis of a pair-matched, case-control design. Cases were boxers who received an injury during the boxing matches. Boxers who were not injured served as control subjects. Both conditional and unconditional logistic regression models were used to assess risk factors for injury. The overall incidence rate of injury was 17.1 per 100 boxer-matches, or 3.4 per 100 boxer-rounds. Facial laceration accounted for 51% of all injuries, followed by hand injury (17%), eye injury (14%), and nose injury (5%). Male boxers were significantly more likely than female boxers to receive injuries (3.6 versus 1.2 per 100 boxer-rounds, P = 0.01). Male boxing matches also ended in knockouts and technical knockouts more often than did female matches (P < 0.001). The risk of injury for those who lost the matches was nearly twice the risk for the winners. Those who lost by knockout had double the risk of injury compared with those who lost by other means. Neither age nor weight was significantly associated with the risk of injury. The injury rate in professional boxing matches is high, particularly among male boxers. Superficial facial lacerations are the most common injury reported. Male boxers have a higher rate of knockout and technical knockouts than female boxers. Further research is necessary to determine the outcomes of injury, particularly the long-term neurologic outcome differences between sexes.
    Southern Medical Journal 10/2005; 98(10):994-8. · 0.92 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: MIXED MARTIAL ARTS (MMA) IS AN EXCITING AND COMPLEX SPORT THAT COMBINES THE TECHNIQUES OF BOXING, MUAY THAI KICKBOXING, AND VARIOUS GRAPPLING DISCIPLINES SUCH AS GRECO-ROMAN WRESTLING, FREESTYLE WRESTLING, AND BRAZILIAN JIU-JITSU. MMA IS A PHYSIOLOGICALLY DEMANDING SPORT. IT CAN POTENTIALLY CHALLENGE AND TAX ALL OF THE ENERGY SYSTEMS, AND THE POSSIBILITY OF OVERREACHING/OVERTRAINING IS A CONCERN. TO DATE, THERE IS LIMITED PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH EXAMINING THE OPTIMAL TRAINING METHODS FOR AN ATHLETE COMPETING IN MMA. THE PURPOSE OF THIS REVIEW IS TO DISCUSS SOME OF THE AVAILABLE PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH SURROUNDING THIS SPORT AND PROVIDE GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING SPECIALISTS.
    Strength and conditioning journal 01/2011; 33(1):56-67. · 0.60 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
1,350 Downloads
Available from
May 16, 2014