(1)H NMR analysis of choline metabolites in fine-needle-aspirate biopsies of breast cancer.

Center for Imaging Research, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 231 Albert Sabin Way, Cincinnati, OH, 45267-0583, USA.
MAGMA Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics Biology and Medicine (Impact Factor: 1.35). 10/2012; DOI: 10.1007/s10334-012-0349-0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECT: The relative amounts of choline (Cho), phosphocholine (PC), and glycerophosphocholine (GPC) may be sensitive indicators of breast cancer and the degree of malignancy. Here we implement some simple modifications to a previously developed (1)H NMR analysis of fine-needle-aspirate (FNA) biopsies designed to yield sufficient spectral resolution of Cho, PC, and GPC for usable relative quantitation of these metabolites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: FNA biopsies of eighteen breast lesions were examined using our modified procedure for direct (1)H NMR at 400 MHz. Resonances of choline metabolites and potential interferences were fit using the computer program NUTS. RESULTS: Quantitation of PC, GPC, and Cho relative to each other and to (phospho)creatine was obtained for eleven confirmed cases of infiltrating ductal carcinoma. Reliable results could not be obtained for the remaining cases primarily due to interference from lidocaine anesthetic. CONCLUSION: Some simple modifications of a previously developed (1)H NMR analysis of FNAs yielded sufficient spectral resolution of Cho, PC, and GPC to permit usable relative quantitation at 400 MHz. In 9 of the 11 quantified cases the sum of GPC and Cho exceeded 42 % of the total choline-metabolite peak area.


Available from: Jing-Huei Lee, Apr 27, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: The maintenance of bone homeostasis requires tight coupling between bone-forming osteoblasts and bone-resorbing osteoclasts. However, the precise molecular mechanism(s) underlying the differentiation and activities of these specialized cells are still largely unknown. Here we identify choline kinase beta (CHKB), a kinase involved in the biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine, as a novel regulator of bone homeostasis. Choline kinase beta mutant mice (flp/flp) exhibit a systemic low bone mass phenotype. Consistently, osteoclast numbers and activity are elevated in flp/flp mice. Interestingly, osteoclasts derived from flp/flp mice exhibit reduced sensitivity to excessive levels of extracellular calcium, which could account for the increased bone resorption. Conversely, supplementation of CDP-choline (Cytidine 5-diphosphocholine) in vivo and in vitro, a regimen which bypasses CHKB deficiency, restores osteoclast numbers to physiological levels. Finally, we demonstrate that, in addition to modulating osteoclast formation and function, loss of CHKB corresponds with a reduction in bone formation by osteoblasts. Taken together, these data posit CHKB as a new modulator of bone homeostasis. Copyright © 2014, The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
    Journal of Biological Chemistry 12/2014; DOI:10.1074/jbc.M114.567966 · 4.60 Impact Factor