Cytology and Human Papillomavirus Screening Test Results Associated With 2827 Histopathologic Diagnoses of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia 2/3
ABSTRACT Context.-Cervical screening in the United States increasingly involves newer US Food and Drug Administration-approved cytologic methods and adjunctive high-risk (hr) human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA testing. Objective.-To document cervical screening test performance preceding histopathologic cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2/3 diagnoses. Design.-Preceding screening test results with computer-imaged, liquid-based cytology (LBC) and hrHPV results were analyzed for 2827 patients with histopathologic CIN 2/3 diagnoses. Results.-Of 2827 patients with CIN 2/3 diagnoses, 2074 (73.4%) had system LBC findings within 4 months of CIN 2/3 diagnoses: high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (n = 862; 41.6%), low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (n = 464; 22.4%), atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (n = 445; 21.5%), atypical squamous cells, cannot exclude high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (n = 288; 13.9%), and atypical glandular cells/adenocarcinoma in situ (n = 15; 0.7%). Of the 2827 patients, 1488 (52.6%) also had earlier system LBC results at more than 4 months to 3 years before CIN 2/3 diagnoses: one or more abnormal LBC results (n = 978; 65.7%), one or more negative LBC results (n = 911; 61.2%), both abnormal and negative LBC (n = 401; 26.9%). Of 807 patients with hrHPV cotest results within 4 months of CIN 2/3 diagnoses, 786 (97.4%) had hrHPV(+) results. Of 454 patients also had earlier hrHPV results at more than 4 months to 3 years before CIN 2/3 diagnoses: 377 (83.0%) had one or more hrHPV(+) result, 110 (24.2%) had one or more hrHPV(-) result, and 33 (7.3%) had both positive and negative HPV results. Conclusion.-Patients with histopathologic CIN 2/3 had recent abnormal LBC results, most often, high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions. Among cotested patients, 97.4% (786 of 807) tested hrHPV(+). However, a significant number of patients tested during an extended period of several years had earlier negative Papanicolaou or negative HPV test results, suggesting the recent development of some CIN 2/3 lesions and supporting the value of cotesting for enhanced detection of other developing, small, inaccessible, or nondiagnostic precursor lesions.
- Cytopathology 10/2013; 24(5):283-8. DOI:10.1111/cyt.12104 · 1.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: To examine data correlating high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) results in patients with both low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) and atypical squamous cells cannot exclude high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H) cytology findings (LSIL-H) with follow-up histopathology. Methods: A total of 494 LSIL-H ThinPrep (Hologic, Marlborough, MA) cases with hrHPV testing were identified. Histopathologic follow-up was available in 347 patients. Results: Among 347 patients with follow-up histopathology after LSIL-H cytology and hrHPV testing, 90.5% tested hrHPV positive. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2/3 was diagnosed in 29.4% and CIN 1 in 53.6%. CIN 2/3 was diagnosed in significantly more patients with hrHPV-positive LSIL-H than following hrHPV-negative LSIL-H results. Compared with published institutional data, LSIL-H had significantly lower hrHPV and histopathologic CIN 2/3+ rates (90.5% and 29.4%, with no cervical cancers) than high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) (95.7% and 70.5%, with 2.4% cervical cancers) but higher rates than LSIL (80.2% and 12.9%) or atypical squamous cells/cannot exclude HSIL (ASC-H) (54.3% and 17.2%). Whereas CIN 2/3 detection rates were similar in HPV-positive LSIL-H and HPV-positive ASC-H, CIN 2/3 findings were more likely with HPV-negative LSIL-H than with HPV-negative ASC-H. Conclusions: LSIL-H is a unique category of cytologic abnormality associated with distinctive hrHPV and CIN 2/3+ diagnostic rates.American Journal of Clinical Pathology 02/2014; 141(2):239-46. DOI:10.1309/AJCPM9X5RCZYEQJQ · 3.01 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cervical screening guidelines now recommend repeat cotesting of patients aged 30 years and older having a human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) in 1 year as preferred management. Only limited follow-up data on patients with HPV-negative LSILs are available from routine US clinical practice settings. In total, 680 patients with Hybrid Capture 2 (Qiagen, Hinden, Germany) high-risk HPV-negative LSIL ThinPrep (Hologic, Marlborough, MA) results were identified. Patients' ages and histopathologic, cytologic, and HPV follow-up results were identified. Among 680 patients with HPV-negative LSILs, 468 had follow-up within 1 year. During the study period, 14 (3.0%) of 468 had follow-up high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) and 184 (39.3%) LSIL findings. No diagnoses of cervical carcinoma were documented. There were no significant follow-up differences between age groups. Of the 321 patients who had follow-up HPV testing, 271 (84.4%) had negative and 50 (15.6%) had positive HPV results. This is the largest study documenting follow-up results for patients with HPV-negative LSIL results based on prevalent US FDA-approved cotesting methods from one collection vial. These data document that risk for follow-up HSILs in these patients is low and also that no cervical cancers were diagnosed. These findings support recent recommendations for repeat cotesting after 1 year as an appropriate option for patients with HPV-negative LSIL results. Copyright© by the American Society for Clinical Pathology.American Journal of Clinical Pathology 04/2015; 143(4):485-91. DOI:10.1309/AJCPU57UELKUZCYY · 3.01 Impact Factor