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Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, 333 Cedar St, I-456 SHM, PO Box 208008, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association (Impact Factor: 30.39). 10/2012; 308(14):1437-8. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2012.12829
JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association 10/2013; 310(17). DOI:10.1001/jama.2013.280834 · 30.39 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Complex, oncologic surgery is an important component of resident education. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of resident participation in oncologic procedures on overall 30-day morbidity and mortality. A retrospective cohort analysis was performed using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Participant User Files for 2005-2009. Colorectal, hepatopancreaticobiliary, and gastroesophageal oncology procedures were included. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the impact of trainee involvement on 30-day morbidity and mortality after adjusting for potential confounders. A total of 77,862 patients were included for analysis, 53,885 (69.2 %) involving surgical trainees and 23,977 (30.8 %) without trainees. The overall 30-day morbidity was significantly higher in the trainee group [27.2 vs. 21 %, adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.19, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.15-1.24, p < 0.0001)]; however, there was significantly lower 30-day postoperative mortality in the trainee group (1.9 vs. 2.1 %, AOR 0.87, 95 % CI 0.77-0.98, p = 0.02) and significantly lower failure-to-rescue rate (defined as mortality rate among patients suffering one or more postoperative complications) (5.9 vs. 7.6 %, AOR 0.79, 95 % CI 0.68-0.90, p = 0.001). The overall 30-day morbidity was highest in the PGY 5 level (29 %) compared to 24 % for PGY 1 or 2 and 23 % for PGY 3 (AOR per level increase 1.05, 95 % CI 1.03-1.07, p < 0.0001). Trainee participation in complex, oncologic surgery is associated with significantly higher rates of 30-day postoperative complications in NSQIP-participating hospitals; however, this effect is countered by overall lower 30-day mortality and improved rescue rate in preventing death among patients suffering complications.Annals of Surgical Oncology 07/2013; DOI:10.1245/s10434-013-3079-2 · 3.94 Impact Factor
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