The Effect of Six Weeks of Squat, Plyometric and Squat-Plyometric Training on Power Production
ABSTRACT Explosive leg power is a key ingredient to maximizing vertical jump performance. In training, the athlete must use the most effective program to optimize leg power development. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of three training programs - squat (S), plyometric (P) and squat-plyometric (SP) - in increasing hip and thigh power production as measured by vertical jump. Forty-eight subjects were divided equally into four groups: S, P, SP or control (C). The subjects trained two days a week for a total of seven weeks, which consisted of a one-week technique learning period followed by a six- week periodized S, P or SP training program. Hip and thigh power were tested before and after training using the vertical jump test, and the alpha level was set at 0.05. Statistical analysis of the data revealed a significant increase in hip and thigh power production, as measured by vertical jump, within all three treatment groups. The SP group achieved a statistically greater improvement (p < 0.0001) than the S or P groups alone. Examination of the mean scores shows that the S group increased 3.30 centimeters in vertical jump, the P group increased 3.81 centimeters and the SP group increased 10.67 centimeters. The results indicate that both S and P training are necessary for improving hip and thigh power production as measured by vertical jumping ability.
(C) 1992 National Strength and Conditioning Association
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention program on the ground reaction force during the rebound in female highschool basketball players. Sixteen highschool female basketball players (ages 16 to 18 years) were participated in this study. Eight of these players participated in a 8-week ACL injury prevention program. Before and After ACL injury prevention program, initial peak value(%BW), maximum peak value(%BW), impulse(%BW sec), and loading rate(N/sec) were measured in the players. The experiment group after ACL injury prevention program showed significant decreased initial peak value, impulse, and loading rate.Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics. 01/2008; 18(1).
Article: Complex Training: A Brief Review.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The effectiveness of plyometric training is well supported by research. Complex training has gained popularity as a training strategy combining weight training and plyometric training. Anecdotal reports recommend training in this fashion in order to improve muscular power and athletic performance. Recently, several studies have examined complex training. Despite the fact that questions remain about the potential effectiveness and implementation of this type of training, results of recent studies are useful in guiding practitioners in the development and implementation of complex training programs. In some cases, research suggests that complex training has an acute ergogenic effect on upper body power and the results of acute and chronic complex training include improved jumping performance. Improved performance may require three to four minutes rest between the weight training and plyometrics sets and the use of heavy weight training loads.Journal of sports science & medicine 06/2002; 1(2):42-46. · 0.89 Impact Factor