Black thyroid is an uncommon phenomenon of black pigmentation of thyroid parenchyma induced by chronic minocycline therapy. Thyroid tumors associated with black pigmented thyroid are rare. We describe here a 42-year-old woman with a black thyroid associated with hyalinizing trabecular tumor (HTT). The patient presented with a palpable left-sided thyroid nodule. She had taken minocycline for aphthous stomatitis and an oral ulcer for 9 years. The findings of fine needle aspiration biopsy and BRAF mutation analysis suggested a papillary carcinoma. The patient underwent a near-total thyroidectomy with central compartment node dissection. The surgical specimen showed a diffuse black thyroid and a 2-cm non-pigmented, well-circumscribed nodule in the left thyroid. Histopathologically, numerous black pigmented follicular epithelial cells and colloid were seen throughout the thyroid parenchyma, and the nodule was composed of elongated, polygonal cells in trabecular arrangement and dense hyaline stromas. The tumor cells showed a strong positive cytoplasmic reaction to Ki 67. All of these findings suggested a HTT, or a hyalinizing trabecular variant of papillary carcinoma, arising in a black thyroid. To our knowledge, this is the first case of black thyroid associated with HTT.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primary spindle cell neoplasms of the thyroid gland are quite rare. They encompass a heterogeneous group of benign and malignant lesions of mesenchymal and epithelial origin. We herein describe two unusual follicular thyroid adenomas dominated by spindle cells with occasional areas of colloid-forming follicular differentiation. The tumors affected a 77-year woman and a 70-year old man; both had a long-history of monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS). One tumor presented as a large cold thyroid nodule and the other was an autopsy finding. The tumors were predominantly composed of fibroblast-like spindled cells. One case showed prominent meningioma-like concentric perivascular arrangement and contained cytoplasmic melanin-like pigment. Stromal hyalinization was a prominent feature of both. By immunohistochemistry, the spindled cells expressed vimentin, pankeratin (KL1), thyroglobulin and TTF1 consistent with a follicular differentiation. They did not stain with calcitonin, CEA and other lineage-specific mesenchymal, neuroendocrine and melanocytic markers. There was no evidence of metastasis at autopsy (case 2) or at last follow-up 2 years after surgery (case 1). These cases demonstrate the diversity of follicular thyroid neoplasms and the unusual occurrence of extensive spindle cell metaplasia. These uncommon lesions need to be distinguished from spindle cell medullary carcinoma, paucicellular spindle cell anaplastic carcinoma, spindle cell foci in papillary and follicular carcinoma, solitary fibrous tumor and other rare benign and malignant mesenchymal lesions.
International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 01/2012; 5(2):143-51. · 1.89 Impact Factor
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