Current concepts: Management of acute bleeding from a peptic ulcer

Department of Gastroenterology and Gastrointestinal Outcomes Unit, Rambam Health Care Campus and Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.
New England Journal of Medicine (Impact Factor: 54.42). 09/2008; 359(9):928-37. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMra0706113
Source: PubMed
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Available from: Marc Bardou, Jul 27, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Acute upper gastrointestinal bleed (UGIB) remains a challenging clinical problem owing to significant patient morbidity and costs involved with management. Peptic ulcer bleeding (PUB) contributes to the majority of causes of UGIB with a growing concern of its impact on the elderly and the increasing use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs as precipitating bleeding episodes. Apart from initial critical care, endoscopy is the preferred first-line management of PUB. Early use of empirical high-dose proton pump inhibitor therapy prior, during and after endoscopy is cost-effective and reduces the need for endotherapy. Current endoscopic modalities, both thermal and non-thermal, offer a wide range of choices in high-risk PUB (active arterial bleeding or non-bleeding visible vessel). Combinations of injection (epinephrine) along with thermal therapy or endoclips are recommended for better clinical outcomes. The role of endotherapy for adherent clots is controversial. A second-look endoscopy may be beneficial in high-risk patients. A multidisciplinary team approach should be part of all treatment protocols for the ideal management of UGIB.
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