Proportions of Mycobacterium massiliense and Mycobacterium bolletii strains among Korean Mycobacterium chelonae-Mycobacterium abscessus group isolates.

Department of Microbiology, Cancer Research Institute, SNUMRC, Seoul National University College of Medicine, and Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul 110-799, Republic of Korea.
Journal of clinical microbiology (Impact Factor: 4.23). 09/2008; 46(10):3384-90. DOI: 10.1128/JCM.00319-08
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Korean isolates of the Mycobacterium chelonae-Mycobacterium abscessus group, which had been isolated from two different hospitals in South Korea, were identified by PCR restriction analysis (PRA) and comparative sequence analysis of 16S rRNA genes, rpoB, and hsp65 to evaluate the proportion of four closely related species (M. chelonae, M. abscessus, M. massiliense, and M. bolletii). Of the 144 rapidly growing mycobacterial strains tested, 127 strains (88.2%) belonged to the M. chelonae-M. abscessus group. In this group, M. chelonae, M. abscessus, M. massiliense, and M. bolletii accounted for 0.8% (n = 1), 51.2% (n = 65), 46.5% (n = 59), and 1.6% (n = 2), respectively. Two isolates which showed discordant results, M. massiliense by rpoB sequence analysis and M. abscessus by hsp65 sequence analysis, were finally identified as M. massiliense based on the additional analysis of sodA and the 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer. M. abscessus group I isolates previously identified by hsp65 PRA were all found to be M. abscessus, whereas group II isolates were further identified as M. massiliense or M. bolletii by sequencing of rpoB and hsp65. Smooth, rough, or mixed colonies of both M. abscessus and M. massiliense isolates were observed. M. massiliense strains that were highly resistant to clarithromycin had a point mutation at the adenine at position 2058 (A(2058)) or 2059 (A(2059)) in the peptidyltransferase region of the 23S rRNA gene.

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    ABSTRACT: Objectives To separate Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. bolletii from Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus using species identification, and to investigate the in vitro activity of amikacin, cefoxitin, imipenem, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, clarithromycin, azithromycin, and linezolid against Mycobacterium abscessus. Methods Seventy M. abscessus isolates, previously identified by 16S rRNA sequencing, were further identified by comparative sequence analysis of rpoB and hsp65. Drug susceptibility testing was conducted using the microplate Alamar Blue assay in accordance with Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines and interpreted using CLSI breakpoints. Results Of the 70 strains, 45 (64%) were M. abscessus subsp. abscessus and 25 (36%) were M. abscessus subsp. bolletii. The majority of M. abscessus isolates were susceptible to azithromycin, amikacin, linezolid, and imipenem (M. abscessus subsp. abscessus: 93%, 98%, 93%, and 73%, respectively; M. abscessus subsp. bolletii: 96%, 96%, 80%, and 68%, respectively). Approximately half of the M. abscessus isolates were moderately susceptible to cefoxitin and moxifloxacin (M. abscessus subsp. abscessus 53% and 49%; M. abscessus subsp. bolletii 72% and 68%). Nearly all the M. abscessus isolates were resistant to levofloxacin (M. abscessus subsp. abscessus 96%, M. abscessus subsp. bolletii 100%). Inducible clarithromycin resistance was found in M. abscessus. After 14 days of incubation, 83% M. abscessus subsp. abscessus and 36% M. abscessus subsp. bolletii were resistant to clarithromycin. Conclusions Using rpoB and hsp65, M. abscessus subsp. bolletii could be distinguished from M. abscessus subsp. abscessus. Amikacin and azithromycin showed excellent activity against M. abscessus in vitro. Imipenem, linezolid, cefoxitin, and moxifloxacin also showed good activity. Levofloxacin was inactive against M. abscessus. Although clarithromycin showed excellent activity against M. abscessus on day 3, inducible resistance occurred, and after 14 days clarithromycin showed little activity against M. abscessus subsp. abscessus, but still had good activity against M. abscessus subsp. bolletii.
    International Journal of Infectious Diseases 08/2014; · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The recovery of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) from respiratory specimens and the number of patients with NTM lung disease have been rapidly increasing in Korea. An early differential diagnosis of NTM lung disease from pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is important, as the therapeutic regimen differs from that of pulmonary TB, and it is not necessary to track the contacts of patients with NTM lung disease. However, differentiating NTM lung disease from pulmonary TB remains difficult, because the clinical presentations of the two diseases are similar and a definite diagnosis of NTM lung disease based on sputum culture takes time. This review focuses on the changing epidemiology, clinical and radiographic manifestation, and laboratory diagnosis of pulmonary TB and NTM lung disease in Korea.
    Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 07/2014; 77(1):1-5.
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    Annals of Laboratory Medicine 07/2014; 34(4):321-4. · 1.48 Impact Factor

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