Prevalence of Urogenital Mycoplasmas and Ureaplasmas in Women After Kidney Transplantation
ABSTRACT Background. The prevalence of urogenital mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas in kidney transplant and hemodialyzed patients was studied.
Methods. Vaginal and cervical swabs taken from 40 women of the study group and 40 women of the control group were investigated. Identification of ureaplasmas, Mycoplasma genitalium, and human papillomavirus was performed by polymerase chain reaction. Each vaginal slide was evaluated for bacterial vaginosis.
Results. Urogenital mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas were significantly more common in patients from the study group (40%) compared with the control group (27.5%). Mycoplasma hominis and M. genitalium were demonstrated only in a few cases. Ureaplasma parvum was isolated predominantly, but Ureaplasma urealyticum was more common in patients from study group (10%) compared with control group (2.5%). In all U. urealyticum-positive women from the study group, human papillomavirus DNA was detected.
Conclusion. Our observation showed the necessity of careful examination of possible atypical pathogens in diagnostic materials from hemodialyzed and kidney transplant patients.
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ABSTRACT: Ureaplasma urealyticum has been associated with urethritis in men, obstetric problems in women, and respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants. U. urealyticum can be divided into two biovars comprising 14 serovars. Partial sequences of genes encoding the multiple-banded antigens of the cell surface are known. Using a commercially available precast DNA mutation detection gel system, we have developed a simple and reproducible PCR-single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis method for differentiating the biovars of this species that reveals five patterns among the 14 serovars and enables clinical isolates to be typed directly from broth cultures.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 06/2001; 39(5):1840-4. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To examine the association between colonization by two newly classified species of genital ureaplasmas (Ureaplasma parvum and U. urealyticum) in early pregnancy and subsequent late abortion or preterm birth at <34 weeks of gestation, four species of genital mycoplasmas--Mycoplasma genitalium, M. hominis, U. parvum, and U. urealyticum--as well as Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae were examined by PCR-based methods in a prospective cohort study of 877 women with singleton pregnancies at <11 weeks of gestation. Antibiotics were used only in cases in which C. trachomatis and/or N. gonorrhoeae was detected. Multivariate logistic-regression analysis was used to assess independent risk factors after taking maternal low body weight and past history of preterm birth into account. M. genitalium, M. hominis, U. parvum, U. urealyticum, C. trachomatis, and N. gonorrhoeae were detected in 0.8%, 11.2%, 52.0%, 8.7%, 3.2%, and 0.1% of these 877 women, respectively. Twenty-one (2.4%) women experienced late abortion or preterm birth at <34 weeks of gestation. Three factors-detection of U. parvum in the vagina (odds ratio [OR], 3.0; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 8.5); use of antibiotics, such as penicillin and cefatrizine, for incidental inflammatory complications before 22 weeks of gestation (OR, 4.2; 95% CI, 1.6 to 10.0); and past history of preterm birth (OR, 10.4; 95% CI, 2.7 to 40.5)-were independently associated with late abortion and preterm birth. In conclusion, vaginal colonization with U. parvum, but not U. urealyticum, is associated with late abortion or early preterm birth.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 01/2006; 44(1):51-5. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to assess the incidence of Ureaplasma urealyticum (U. urealyticum) and Mycoplasma hominis (M. hominis) infection in women with urogenital diseases. M. hominis and U. urealyticum was assessed in 541 women from gynaecological and STD outpatient clinics, aged 18-55 years. A Mycoplasma IST 2 kit was used for biochemical determination of mycoplasmal infections (BioMerieux). Additionally, 248 of patients were examined for Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis), Trichomonas vaginalis (T. vaginalis) and Candida albicans (C. albicans) infection. C. trachomatis was detected by direct immunofluorescence method. The standard culture methods (Biomed) were applied to detect T. vaginalis and C. albicans. U. urealyticum was detected in 161 (29.8%), and M. hominis in 20 (3.7%) women. U. urealyticum infection alone was observed in 37/79 (46.8%), and 1/8 (12.5%) patient had only M. hominis infection. The U. urealyticum infection showed most frequent coexistence with C. albicans (29.1%), and less frequent with C. trachomatis (13.9%) and M. hominis infection (10.1%). The highest percentage of mycoplasma-positive cultures was found in patients of STD clinic and in infertile women. In patients with ureaplasmal infection only the most common clinical symptom was vaginal discharge and vulval/vaginal irritation. In 8.1% of the women, the course of U urealyticum infection was asymptomatic. The incidence rate of genitourinary infections due to U urealyticum was significantly higher as compared to M. hominis infection. Sexual mycoplasmal infections were most frequently reported in the group of patients of STD clinic and correlated with age and sexual activity.Advances in Medical Sciences 02/2006; 51:250-3. · 0.80 Impact Factor