Background: Abdominal sacral colpopexy is an important operation in managing posthysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse and total uterine procidentia. There are few reported series with sufficient patient numbers and duration of follow up that can meaningfully address uncommon complications. Synthetic materials are frequently, and for some operators usually, employed. In this series of 375 abdominal sacral colpopexies during a 23-year interval, 12 patients were encountered who have had mesh erosions through the vaginal mucosa. Mesh erosions were managed in four patients referred to us. One patient in this series had mesh erode into the bladder. It is the purpose of this article to report the management of these patients.
Cases: Fourteen patients were seen principally with the symptom of blood-tinged vaginal discharge, which also may have been malodorous. Three patients were asymptomatic. Examinations revealed either exposed mesh in the upper vagina or in the vaginal sinus tracts. The patient with eroded mesh in her bladder had repetitive bladder infections only. Nine patients underwent successful transvaginal resection of the eroded mesh, and repeat transvaginal resections were performed in seven. The patient with bladder mesh underwent a combined transabdominal/vaginal resection, but she has since had recurrent vesical erosion. A right adnexal complex mass developed in one patient who had had two previous transvaginal resections of eroded mesh. A laparotomy with right salpingo-oophorectomy and a transabdominal resection of her suspensory mesh with removal from the sacrum accompanied by intraoperative hemorrhage were performed.
Conclusions: Synthetic suspensory materials can erode through adjacent tissues and organs. This complication can be managed conservatively in most patients, allowing most of the suspensory material to be left in place and provide continued vaginal support, avoiding potential severe hemorrhage that can result from attempts to remove mesh from the sacrum.
(C) Williams & Wilkins 1997. All Rights Reserved.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To examine short- and long-term mesh-related complications in women undergoing abdominal sacral colpopexy with concurrent hysterectomy, compared with women with a prior hysterectomy undergoing sacral colpopexy alone.
Patient characteristics, hospital complications, postoperative clinical course, and long-term graft-related complications were reviewed for all women with genital prolapse who underwent abdominal sacral colopexy between 1996 and 1998. Women with concurrent hysterectomy were compared with women with vaginal prolapse after a prior hysterectomy.
One hundred twenty-four patients, 60 with concurrent hysterectomy and 64 with prior hysterectomy, were observed postoperatively for a median of 35.5 (0-74) months. Demographics of the two groups were similar, with a mean age of 65.1 +/- 9.4 years and a mean body mass index of 25.8 +/- 4.2 kg/m(2). Eighty percent of colpopexies used prolene synthetic mesh and 20% allograft material. Initial operative and hospital complications were rare in both groups and included a blood transfusion of 2 U, a ureteral transection, a wound infection, heart block, and an arrhythmia. Delayed graft complications included one mesh erosion in a patient with a prior hysterectomy that was managed by office resection (0.8%).
Concurrent hysterectomy with abdominal sacral colopopexy has a low incidence of mesh complications and can be used as a first-line treatment for genital prolapse.
Obstetrics and Gynecology 09/2003; 102(2):306-10. DOI:10.1016/S0029-7844(03)00515-5 · 5.18 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the anatomical and functional outcomes of the simultaneous treatment of combined rectal and genital prolapse in young patients.
Between March 2001 and June 2002, eight female patients with symptomatic rectal and genital prolapse were enrolled in this study. The median age at the time of presentation was 44 years (range 34-53). All patients underwent simultaneous transabdominal treatment of their combined prolapse. Genital prolapse was treated by colpohysteropexy. Rectal prolapse was treated by mesh rectopexy or sutured rectopexy associated with sigmoid resection. The end evaluation to assess long-term results was performed after a median duration of follow-up of 17 months (range 10-24). Patients were asked about current problems with constipation, use of laxatives, incontinence and recurrence.
The postoperative course was uneventful in 7 out of 8 cases. None of the patients had recurrence. Three patients out of 6 remained constipated postoperatively. One patient had a new onset of constipation postoperatively. None of the patients became faecally incontinent. Seven patients (87%) stated that they had improved overall after surgery.
Combined rectal and genital prolapse in young women can be safely treated simultaneously using an abdominal approach. The genital prolapse should be treated by colpohysteropexy. The rectal prolapse should be treated by mesh rectopexy in patients who are not constipated, and by sutured rectopexy plus sigmoid resection in patients who are constipated preoperatively.
International Journal of Colorectal Disease 04/2005; 20(2):173-9. DOI:10.1007/s00384-004-0647-8 · 2.45 Impact Factor
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