Article

Nontraumatic sports death in high school and college athletes

Department of Pathology, University of California, San Diego, USA.
Medicine &amp Science in Sports &amp Exercise (Impact Factor: 4.46). 04/1995; 27(5). DOI: 10.1249/00005768-199505000-00005

ABSTRACT VAN CAMP, S. P., C. M. BLOOR, F. O. MUELLER, R. C. CANTU, and H. G. OLSON. Nontraumatic sports death in high school and college athletes. Med.Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 27, No. 5, pp.641-647, 1995. Nontraumatic deaths occur each year in organized high school and college athletics, resulting in considerable public concern. We conducted a study of the frequency and causes of nontraumatic sports deaths in high school and college athletes in the USA through the National Center for Catastrophic Sports Injury Research to define the magnitude of this problem and its causes. Over a 10-yr period, July 1983-Junc 1993, nontraumatic sports deaths were reported in 126 high school athletes (115 males and 11 females) and 34 college athletes (31 males and 3 females). Estimated death rates in male athletes were fivefold higher than in female athletes (7.47 vs 1.33 per million athletes per year, P < 0.0001), and twofold higher in male college athletes than in male high school athletes (14.50 vs 6.60 per million athletes per year, P < 0.0001). Cardiovascular conditions were more common causes of death than noncardiovascular conditions. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and congenital coronary artery anomalies were the most common causes of death. In high school and college athletes, males are at increased risk for nontraumatic sports deaths compared with females even after adjustment for participation frequency; college males are at greater risk than high school males. In all groups the deaths were primarily due to cardiovascular conditions.
(C)1995The American College of Sports Medicine

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    • "the right sinus, 59% of them died before the age of 20 years, mainly during or shortly after vigorous exercise. It was reported [7] that coronary anomalies cause 11.8% of deaths in US high school and college athletes and emphasized that the number should not be neglected. According to the American Heart Association report [8], coronary anomalies cause 19% of deaths in athletes. "
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    • " 2001 ) . Blood pressure normally returns to baseline in normotensive ( NT ) individuals within 8 minutes ( Dumoulin , 2001 ) . Some sporting activities , particularly high intensity activities such as resistance power lifting , requiring maximal contractions and exertions , may be dangerous for hypertensive individuals and should be avoided ( Van Camp et al . , 1995 ) . Other sporting activities including low intensity aerobic exercise , such as jogging , may be recommended and are considered an independent or adjunctive treatment for HT ( Domoulin , 2001 ) . Van Camp and colleagues ( 1995 ) described 160 cases of nontraumatic cardiovascular causes for death in high school and college athletes betw"
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