Management of the Ptotic or Hypertrophic Breast in Immediate Autologous Breast Reconstruction A Comparison Between the Wise and Vertical Reduction Patterns for Mastectomy

From the *Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA
Annals of plastic surgery (Impact Factor: 1.46). 10/2012; DOI: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e31823b9a41
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The Wise pattern can be used in mastectomies to address the excess skin in the ptotic or hypertrophic breast; however, limitations include mastectomy flap necrosis (MFN) and poor shape. The vertical pattern can potentially reduce the amount of MFN with improved aesthetic results. This study compares the Wise and vertical mastectomy patterns in immediate, autologous breast reconstruction. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with grade 2 or 3 ptosis who elected to undergo immediate, autologous breast reconstruction were prospectively recruited into 2 nonrandomized cohorts. Of total, 17 patients (26 reconstructions) had Wise pattern and 16 (28 reconstructions) had vertical pattern. All patients were followed for MFN, time for wound healing, and postoperative complications. Patient and surgeon surveys rated the aesthetics of the reconstructions. RESULTS: The 2 groups did not differ in age, body mass index, smoking, or breast measurements. The Wise group had significantly larger areas of MFN, higher number of postoperative visits, and longer wound-healing periods, compared with the vertical group (P < 0.05). There was no difference in time to adjuvant therapy or additional procedures. Patient surveys rated both incisions with equal satisfaction, except for symmetry that rated better in the Wise group. Surgeon surveys showed better scores for the vertical incision. CONCLUSIONS: The Wise pattern is associated with significantly more MFN and prolonged wound care. Despite this complication, patients rate their breast reconstructions favorably, regardless of the type of incision. Both the Wise and vertical patterns can be safely used in skin-sparing mastectomies with immediate, autologous breast reconstruction with good aesthetic outcomes. The authors recommend the vertical pattern because of less MFN and surgeon-preferred aesthetics.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The inferior pedicle, Wise-pattern reduction mammaplasty is the most popular technique for breast reduction because of its reproducible results and reliability. However, complication rates in super obese patients or patients receiving large volume reductions are high, ranging from 35 to 78%. These complications include delayed healing, infection, seroma, nipple-areolar complex necrosis, fat necrosis and development of hypertrophic scars.
    Journal of the American College of Surgeons 01/2014; 47(1):65-9. DOI:10.4103/0970-0358.129626 · 4.45 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) with immediate tissue expander reconstruction poses a challenge in the patient with macromastia or excessive ptosis. Skin reduction via the Wise pattern has been described but is associated with high rates of skin necrosis. The study group consisted of 43 women with grade 2 or 3 ptosis who underwent SSM and immediate reconstruction with tissue expanders, using the Passot (horizontal) skin reduction pattern. Age ranged from 31 to 67 years (mean, 51 years). The endpoints measured were time to final expansion, mastectomy skin flap necrosis, infectious complications, and total complications. Thirty reconstructions were bilateral and 13 were unilateral (73 breasts total). Follow-up ranged from 6 to 55 months (mean, 20). Common comorbid conditions included hypertension (n = 16), obesity (n = 22), and smoking (n = 9). The mean body mass index was 30.6 (range, 19.4-58.6). Twenty-one patients underwent chemotherapy; 12 received radiation. The mean initial fill was 196 mL (range, 0-420 mL), and the mean time to final expansion was 84 days (range, 28-225 days). Five patients did not complete the reconstruction, 2 because of cancer recurrence and 3 because of infection. There were 3 cases of mastectomy flap necrosis occurring after tissue expander placement (7%). There were 7 infectious complications (16%). The use of a horizontal breast reduction pattern at the time of expander placement produces consistently good esthetic outcomes and a low rate of skin necrosis, and it should be considered as an option in patients with macromastia or ptosis undergoing SSM and immediate reconstruction.
    Annals of Plastic Surgery 06/2014; 72 Suppl 2(6):S158-64. DOI:10.1097/ · 1.46 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Eplasty 01/2013; 13:ic59.