Impact of Age Group on Febrile Neutropenia Risk Assessment and Management in Patients With Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Treated With R-CHOP Regimens
ABSTRACT The incidence of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is increasing in the elderly population, which is a more challenging population to treat because of comorbidities and enhanced sensitivity to chemotherapy toxicities. This analysis evaluated the impact of age group on assessment of febrile neutropenia (FN) risk, supportive care management, and chemotherapy delivery.
The IMPACT non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) trial was an observational study conducted in Europe and Australia. This analysis included 1113 patients with DLBCL treated with rituximab (R)-CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin [hydroxydaunorubicin], vincristine [Oncovin], and prednisone) every 14 days (n = 409) or every 21 days (n = 704). Outcomes were reported for ages < 65 years and ≥ 65 years. The primary outcome in this analysis was the proportion of patients assessed by investigators as having an overall high (≥ 20%) FN risk who received granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) primary prophylaxis.
For R-CHOP-14, investigators assessed 78% of younger patients and 80% of older patients with ≥ 20% risk of FN, although 14% of younger and 19% of older high-risk patients did not receive G-CSF primary prophylaxis. For R-CHOP-21, investigators assessed 52% of younger and 71% of older patients with ≥ 20% risk of FN; however, 61% of younger and 47% of older high-risk patients did not receive G-CSF primary prophylaxis. Regardless of chemotherapy regimen, rates of FN and unplanned hospitalization were higher in older patients, and delivery of chemotherapy was poorer.
Adherence to G-CSF guidelines in patients assessed with high FN risk was suboptimal in patients with DLBCL receiving R-CHOP chemotherapy, with substantial proportions of both younger and older patients receiving R-CHOP-21 failing to receive optimal G-CSF support. Better application of guidelines could reduce FN rates and improve outcomes.
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ABSTRACT: Febrile neutropenia (FN) is a common complication among patients with chemotherapy-induced myelotoxicity and is associated with a number of negative outcomes including prolonged hospitalization, increased medical costs, increased risk of mortality, dose reductions, and delays. Granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), granulocyte–macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and pegylated G-CSF are effective at reducing risk and duration of neutropenia-related events. However, despite guidelines, the use of G-CSF and pegylated G-CSF in the United States has not been consistent and pattern of care studies have focused primarily on G-CSF. A number of studies found that G-CSF is underutilized in patients undergoing chemotherapy treatments associated with a high risk of FN, while being over utilized in patients with a low-risk FN. Wide variations in overuse, underuse, and misuse of G-CSF are associated with a number of physician and patient factors. Improved awareness of the guidelines, feedback to providers regarding proper usage, and understanding of chemotherapy regimens associated with very low risks as well as high risks (>20%) of FN is some of the approaches that could lead to improving care.Cancer Medicine 12/2014; 3(6). DOI:10.1002/cam4.344
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ABSTRACT: An observational population-based cohort study was performed to investigate the role of comorbidity on outcome and treatment-related toxicity in patients with newly diagnosed advanced-stage diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) treated with R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone). Data for the clinical characteristics of 154 patients (median age 69 years), including Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), treatment, toxicity and outcome were evaluated. Forty-five percent of the patients had an International Prognistic index ≥3 and 16% had a CCI ≥2. The planned R-CHOP schedule was completed by 84% and 75% reached complete remission (CR). In those with CCI ≥2, 67% completed treatment with 46% CR. In patients with a CCI <2, overall survival (OS) after 1, 2 and 5 years was 84%, 79% and 65% respectively and it was 64%, 48% and 48% for those with CCI ≥2. Grade III/IV toxicity was documented in 53%, most frequently febrile neutropenia (27%) and infections (23%). In multivariate analysis CCI ≥2 and IPI ≥3 were independent risk indicators for OS and grade III/IV toxicity. In conclusion, comorbidity is an independent risk indicator for worse OS in patients with advanced DLBCL treated with R-CHOP by interference with intensive treatment schedules and more grade III/IV toxicity. Future studies are warranted to determine the optimal treatment approach in patients with significant comorbidities.British Journal of Haematology 05/2014; 165(4):489-96. DOI:10.1111/bjh.12765 · 4.96 Impact Factor