Clinical course during the first 10 years of ulcerative colitis: results from a population-based inception cohort (IBSEN Study)

Department of Gastroenterology, Ullevål University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 2.33). 07/2009; 44(4):431-440. DOI: 10.1080/00365520802600961

ABSTRACT Objective. Cohort studies of unselected and newly diagnosed patients are essential for a better understanding of the prognosis in ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the course of UC in a population-based inception cohort during the first 10 years, and to identify prognostic risk factors based on information gathered at diagnosis. Material and methods. From 1990 to 1994, a population-based cohort of 843 patients with inflammatory bowel disease was enrolled in South-Eastern Norway. The cohort was systematically followed-up at 1, 5 and 10 years after diagnosis. Results. Of 519 patients with UC, 423 completed the 10-year follow-up, 53 died and 43 were lost to follow-up. The mortality risk was not increased compared with that in the general population. The cumulative colectomy rate after 10 years was 9.8% (95% CI: 7.4–12.4%). Initial presentation with extensive colitis and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) ≥30 mm/h was associated with an increased hazard ratio (HR) (3.57, 95% CI: 1.60–7.96) and age ≥50 years at diagnosis, with reduced HR (0.28, 95% CI: 0.12–0.65) for subsequent colectomy. Relapsing disease was noted in 83%, but half (48%) of the patients were relapse free during the last 5 years. One-fifth (69/288) of patients with proctitis or left-sided colitis had progressed to extensive colitis. Conclusions. The prognosis for UC during the first 10 years was generally good. The colectomy rate was low, and a large proportion of patients were in remission as time progressed. Patients with initially extensive colitis and elevated ESR could benefit from an early potent medical treatment strategy.

1 Bookmark
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To detect high risk patients with a progressive disease course of ulcerative colitis (UC) requiring immunosuppressive therapy (IT).
    World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 09/2014; 20(35):12574-80.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, relapsing intestinal inflammatory disorder with unidentified causes. Both environmental factors and genetic aspects are believed to be crucial to the pathogenesis of IBD. The incidence and prevalence of IBD have recently been increasing throughout Asia, presumably secondary to environmental changes. This increasing trend in IBD epidemiology necessitates specific health care planning and education in Asia. To this end, we must gain a precise understanding of the distinctive clinical and therapeutic characteristics of Asian patients with IBD. The phenotypes of IBD reportedly differ considerably between Asians and Caucasians. Thus, use of the same management strategies for these different populations may not be appropriate. Moreover, investigation of the Asian-specific clinical aspects of IBD offers the possibility of identifying causative factors in the pathogenesis of IBD in this geographical area. Accordingly, this review summarizes current knowledge of the phenotypic manifestations and management practices of patients with IBD, with a special focus on a comparison of Eastern and Western perspectives.
    World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 09/2014; 20(33):11525-11537.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To determine the clinical, epidemiological and phenotypic characteristics of ulcerative colitis (UC) in Saudi Arabia by studying the largest cohort of Arab UC patients. Data from UC patients attending gastroenterology clinics in four tertiary care centers in three cities between September 2009 and September 2013 were entered into a validated web-based registry, inflammatory bowel disease information system (IBDIS). The IBDIS database covers numerous aspects of inflammatory bowel disease. Patient characteristics, disease phenotype and behavior, age at diagnosis, course of the disease, and extraintestinal manifestations were recorded. Among 394 UC patients, males comprised 51.0% and females 49.0%. According to the Montréal classification of age, the major chunk of our patients belonged to the A2 category for age of diagnosis at 17-40 years (68.4%), while 24.2% belonged to the A3 category for age of diagnosis at > 40 years. According to the same classification, a majority of patients had extensive UC (42.7%), 35.3% had left-sided colitis and 29.2% had only proctitis. Moreover, 51.3% were in remission, 16.6% had mild UC, 23.4% had moderate UC and 8.6% had severe UC. Frequent relapse occurred in 17.4% patients, infrequent relapse in 77% and 4.8% had chronic disease. A majority (85.2%) of patients was steroid responsive. With regard to extraintestinal manifestations, arthritis was present in 16.4%, osteopenia in 31.4%, osteoporosis in 17.1% and cutaneous involvement in 7.0%. The majority of UC cases were young people (17-40 years), with a male preponderance. While the disease course was found to be similar to that reported in Western countries, more similarities were found with Asian countries with regards to the extent of the disease and response to steroid therapy.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2014; 20(46):17525-17531. · 2.43 Impact Factor


Available from
Oct 10, 2014