Indigenous chicken production in South-east Asia
ABSTRACT The poultry industry of South-east Asia has two important types of production. These are: a commercial sector, characterized by its use of highly intensive units and the fact that it has developed very rapidly over the past two decades; and the traditional village-based system which has been little affected by the increasing numbers of commercial birds. The village poultry system relies on minimal resource input and, although secondary to other agricultural activities, has an important role in providing the local population with income and high quality protein. Almost every rural community keeps small flocks of indigenous chickens under a backyard type system. The sheds, when provided, are made from local materials. Whilst the birds are fed kitchen left-overs, sometimes supplemented with cheap, locally available grains, most of their time is spent scavenging. There is no breeding programme and close inbreeding occurs among the indigenous stocks. The high incidence of disease is the greatest constraint on rural poultry development.
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ABSTRACT: In this research, Sivas province divided into four agro-ecological zones (I, II, III and IV) in terms of climate, land form, soil type and land cover. The face-to-face interviews were conducted with a total of 663 families in the 85 villages in order to determine the general structure of backyard poultry in the Sivas. Although women are determined as the primary factor at the rate of 65.6% in feeding-watering, they have a role in the product sales only 34.0% while man have 57.8%. The hens of agro–ecological zones are grouped as white, brown, black, and mixed according to feather colour and the average values of regions are calculated as 3.40, 4.78, 4.25, and 3.85 units/farm, respectively. Significant differences (P<0.01) were found between regions in terms of the number of mixed coloured and brown coloured hens. Live weight and egg production were not affected by regional differences and mean live weight and egg weight was founded as 2.17 kg and 58.45 g, respectively. Egg production in the regions I, II, III and IV were determined as 82.35, 89.32, 64.13, and 78.66 units/year, respectively. There was no difference among the regions. It was determined that round type drinkers were used at the rate of 43.3%. Widely used cereal in feeding of chickens is wheat (89.9%) followed by mixed feed (5.3%). The 41.24% of total eggs produced is consumed in the farm, 23.20% are served, and 33.57% are sold. Education and health studies to be conducted in the local backyard poultry will help in the short term to the achievement of the organic standards.
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ABSTRACT: This study utilizes the Total Food Quality Model to gain a better understanding of how Malaysian consumers make their decision to purchase fresh/chilled meat. We examine the association between quality cues and desired values (quality attributes) with regard to food that is guaranteed Halal, safe to eat, healthy and nutritious, has a good taste, represents good value for money, and is produced in a way that protects the environment and worker welfare. The findings reveal that different quality cues assume different levels of importance when pursuing different desired values.Journal of International Food & Agribusiness Marketing 07/2013; 25(3):187-208. DOI:10.1080/08974438.2013.723999
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ABSTRACT: Even with continuous vector control, dengue is still a growing threat to public health in Southeast Asia. Main causes comprise difficulties in identifying productive breeding sites and inappropriate targeted chemical interventions. In this region, rural families keep live birds in backyards and dengue mosquitoes have been reported in containers in the cages. Such waste contains nutrients. To focus on this particular breeding site, we examined the capacity of bird fecal matter (BFM) from the spotted dove, to support Ae. albopictus larval growth. The impact of BFM larval uptake on some adult fitness traits influencing vectorial capacity was also investigated. In serial bioassays involving a high and low larval density (HD and LD), BFM and larval standard food (LSF) affected differently larval development. At HD, development was longer in the BFM environment. There were no appreciable mortality differences between the two treatments, which resulted in similar pupation and adult emergence successes. BFM treatment produced a better gender balance. There were comparable levels of blood uptake and egg production in BFM and LSF females at LD; that was not the case for the HD one, which resulted in bigger adults. BFM and LSF females displayed equivalent lifespans; in males, this parameter was shorter in those derived from the BFM/LD treatment. Taken together these results suggest that bird defecations successfully support the development of Ae. albopictus. Due to their cryptic aspects, containers used to supply water to encaged birds may not have been targeted by chemical interventions. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.Acta Tropica 01/2015; 145. DOI:10.1016/j.actatropica.2015.01.004 · 2.52 Impact Factor