Major early complications following open, laparoscopic and robotic gastrectomy
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic and robotic gastrectomy have been adopted rapidly despite lack of evidence concerning technical safety and controversy regarding additional benefits. This study aimed to compare clinically relevant complications after open, laparoscopic and robotic gastrectomy. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on surgical complications in patients undergoing gastrectomy with curative intent for histologically proven adenocarcinoma between 2005 and 2010 at the Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine in Seoul, Korea. Complications were categorized into wound infection, bleeding, anastomotic leak, obstruction, fluid collection and other. RESULTS: In a total of 5839 patients (4542 open, 861 laparoscopic and 436 robotic gastrectomies), overall complication, reoperation and mortality rates were 10·5, 1·0 and 0·4 per cent respectively. There were no significant differences between the three groups. Ileus (P = 0·001) and intra-abdominal fluid collections (P = 0·013) were commoner after conventional open surgery. However, tumour stage was higher and more complex resections were performed in the open group. Anastomotic leak, the leading cause of death, occurred more often after a minimally invasive approach (P = 0·017). CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic and robotic gastrectomy had overall complication and mortality rates similar to those of open surgery, but anastomotic leaks were more common with the minimally invasive techniques. Copyright © 2012 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Surgical Endoscopy 11/2014; 29(2). DOI:10.1007/s00464-014-3916-9 · 3.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Minimally invasive gastrectomy has become the standard of care in many centers in Asia but remains unpopular in Europe. The aim of this article is to present the technique of laparoscopic robot-assisted total gastrectomy. The presented case involved a 66-year-old female patient with an advanced gastric cancer on the lesser curvature of the stomach. The laparoscopic part of the procedure involved opening the lesser sac, mobilization of the greater curvature and transection of the duodenum. A robot was used for the D2 lymphadenectomy and creation of the anastomosis. In summary, we have found that during a total gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer a successful oncological resection can be achieved using a minimally invasive approach. We have also found that by combining conventional laparoscopy with robotic assistance we could overcome the technical difficulties with regards to lymph node dissection and anastomosis.Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques / Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Malo Inwazyjne 12/2014; 9(4):650-4. DOI:10.5114/wiitm.2014.45128 · 1.09 Impact Factor