Antenatal Cognitive-behavioral Therapy for Prevention of Postpartum Depression: A Pilot Study

Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University, 505 Banpo-dong, Seocho-gu, Seoul 137-701, Korea.
Yonsei Medical Journal (Impact Factor: 1.26). 09/2008; 49(4):553-62. DOI: 10.3349/ymj.2008.49.4.553
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To examine the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for the prevention of postpartum depression (PPD) in "at risk" women.
We recruited 927 pregnant women in 6 obstetric and gynecology clinics and screened them using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Ninety-nine of the screened women who had significantly high scores in BDI (a score above 16) were selected for the study. They were contacted through by telephone, and 27 who had consented to participate in the study were interviewed via SCID-IV-I. Twenty-seven eligible women were randomly assigned to the CBT intervention (n = 15) and control condition (n = 12). All participants were required to complete written questionnaires, assessing demographic characteristics, depressive symptoms, negative thoughts, dyadic communication satisfaction, and global marital satisfaction prior to treatment and approximately 1 month postpartum. The 15 women in the CBT condition received 9 bi-weekly 1-hour individual CBT sessions, targeting and modifying negative patterns of thinking and behaviors occurring in the context of the dyadic relationship.
The analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) showed that there were significant differences in all postpartum measures between the 2 groups, indicating that our antenatal intervention with CBT was effective in reducing depressive symptoms and improving marital satisfaction, which lasted until the postpartum period.
Our pilot study has provided preliminary empirical evidence that antenatal CBT intervention can be an effective preventive treatment for PPD. Further study in this direction was suggested.

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The postpartum period is marked by biological, psychological and social changes. Women are considered most susceptible to psychiatric disorders during the postpartum period. Puerperal blues, postpartum depression and postpartum psychosis have been classically associated to the postpartum. Anxiety disorders have also recently been associated to this period. METHOD: The present article reports a review of the literature on postpartum psychiatric disorders based on articles found on the PubMed and SciELO databases, published between 2000 and 2009. Relevant books, theses and other articles cited in the articles found were also included in this review. RESULTS: Puerperal dysphoria occurs in 50% to 85% of women following childbirth and is typically mild and transient in nature and requires no treatment. Postpartum depression has a prevalence rate of around 13% and can have negative repercussions on mother-infant interaction and other life events and must therefore be treated. Postpartum psychosis is rare, occurring in approximately 0.2% of puerperium cases. This condition is severe with psychotic and affective symptoms as well as risk of suicide and infanticide. Postpartum psychosis patients generally require hospital treatment. Anxiety disorders may be exacerbated or precipitated during the postpartum, particularly generalized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder and compulsive-obsessive disorder. DISCUSSION: Although not recognized as distinct diagnostic entities under current classification systems, mental disorders during the puerperium present clinical features which warrant the attention of clinicians and researchers.
    Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica 12/2009; 37(6):288-294. · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objetivo: Evaluar la eficacia de la terapia cognitivo conductual (TCC) en la prevención de la depresión posparto (DPP) en mujeres embarazadas consideradas en riesgo de padecerla. Método: Revisión bibliográfica en PubMed, Medline, PsychInfo, Embase y de la Cochrane Library de publicaciones efectuadas entre enero de 1991 y junio de 2012 respecto de investigaciones sobre la eficacia de la TCC en la prevención de la DPP. Resultados: De la literatura analizada se concluye que la depresión en el embarazo requiere de un manejo eficiente tanto para tratar los síntomas de la depresión preparto (DAP), como de prevenir la DPP. Mientras diversos estudios han demostrado la eficacia de la TCC en el tratamiento de la DPP, sólo pocos estudios controlados se han centrado sobre su eficacia en la prevención de la DPP. La eficacia en la prevención de la DPP en mujeres en riesgo durante el embarazo ha sido apoyada sólo por pocos estudios, los cuales presentan algunas limitaciones metodológicas. Conclusión: Resultan necesarios estudios clínicos para confirmar la eficacia de tal estrategia de prevención psicoterapéutica en las mujeres en riesgo de DPP.
    Revista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecologia 12/2011; 77(6):434-443.

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