Host-finding behaviour of the rabbit flea, Spilopsyllus cuniculi with special reference to the significance of urine as an attractant

Parasitology (Impact Factor: 2.56). 11/1970; 61(03):397 - 409. DOI: 10.1017/S003118200004124X


The attractants are contained in urine and not in faeces, and are not restricted to the urine of rabbits or even of lagomorphs. Strong attraction was obtained towards hare and rat urines, and a low degree of attraction towards dog and human urine. Concentrated homogenates of rabbit anal glands gave low attraction.(Received January 01 1970)(Revised April 22 1970)

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    • "Helminths of fish are acquired mainly via ingestion of an infected prey item, whereas fleas attach actively to the external surfaces of their host. Fleas use various cues to find their hosts including vibration, increased concentration of CO 2 , increased temperature, light (Benton and Lee, 1965; Cox et al., 1999; Humphries, 1968) as well as host odour (Crum et al., 1974; Vaughan and Mead-Briggs, 1970). Moreover, fleas appeared to be able to distinguish between different host species using an odour cue (Krasnov et al., 2002). "
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    International Journal for Parasitology 11/2004; 34(11):1289-97. DOI:10.1016/j.ijpara.2004.08.003 · 3.87 Impact Factor
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