YAP1 is involved in mesothelioma development and negatively regulated by Merlin through phosphorylation.
ABSTRACT We previously reported the results of bacterial artificial chromosome array comprehensive genomic hybridization of malignant pleural mesotheliomas (MPMs), including two cases with high-level amplification in the 11q22 locus. In this study, we found that the YAP1 gene encoding a transcriptional coactivator was localized in this amplified region and overexpressed in both cases, suggesting it as a candidate oncogene in this region. We analyzed the involvement of YAP1 in MPM proliferation, as well as its functional and physical interaction with Merlin encoded by the neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) tumor suppressor gene, which is frequently mutated in MPMs. YAP1-RNA interference suppressed growth of a mesothelioma cell line NCI-H290 with NF2 homozygous deletion, probably through cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis induction, whereas YAP1 transfection promoted the growth of MeT-5A, an immortalized mesothelial cell line. We also found that the introduction of NF2 into NCI-H290 induced phosphorylation at serine 127 of YAP1, which was accompanied by reduction of nuclear localization of YAP1, whereas nuclear localization of a YAP1 S 127A mutant was not affected. Furthermore, results of immunoprecipitation and in vitro pull-down assays indicated a physical interaction between Merlin and YAP1. These results suggest that YAP1 is involved in mesothelial cell growth and that the transcriptional coactivator activity of YAP1 is functionally inhibited by Merlin through the induction of phosphorylation and cytoplasmic retention of YAP1. This is the first report of negative regulatory signaling from Merlin to YAP1 in mammalian cells. Future studies of transcriptional targets of YAP1 in MPMs may shed light on the molecular mechanisms of MPM development and lead to new therapeutic strategies.
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ABSTRACT: The NDR/LATS family of kinases is a subgroup of the AGC group of protein kinases and is conserved from lower eukaryotes to humans. Like other AGC kinases, NDR/LATS kinases require phosphorylation of conserved Ser/Thr residues for activation. On the one hand, binding of the coactivator MOB to NDR/LATS allows autophosphorylation. On the other hand, MST kinases directly phosphorylate NDR/LATS kinases. In addition to our understanding of the molecular activation mechanisms, recent studies have shown that LATS kinases play a central role in Hippo/SWH (Salvador/Warts/Hippo) tumor suppressor pathways, which coordinate cell proliferation and apoptosis by regulating proto-oncogenes, such as YAP and TAZ. In this review, we summarize current knowledge of Merlin/MST/SAV/MOB/LATS/NDR/YAP/TAZ networks (also termed mammalian Hippo signaling) and their roles in mammalian cellular transformation.BioFactors 06/2009; 35(4):338-45. · 4.93 Impact Factor
Article: [Archives of "comprehensive approach on asbestos-related diseases" supported by the "special coordination funds for promoting science and technology (H18-1-3-3-1)"-- overview of group research project, care and specimen registration, cellular characteristics of mesothelioma and immunological effects of asbestos].[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The research project entitled "Comprehensive approach on asbestos-related diseases" supported by the "Special Coordination Funds for Promoting Science and Technology (H18-1-3-3-1)" began in 2006 and was completed at the end of the Japanese fiscal year of 2010. This project included four parts; (1) malignant mesothelioma (MM) cases and specimen registration, (2) development of procedures for the early diagnosis of MM, (3) commencement of clinical investigations including multimodal approaches, and (4) basic research comprising three components; (i) cellular and molecular characterization of mesothelioma cells, (ii) immunological effects of asbestos, and (iii) elucidation of asbestos-induced carcinogenesis using animal models. In this special issue of the Japanese Journal of Hygiene, we briefly introduce the achievements of our project. The second and third parts and the third component of the fourth part are described in other manuscripts written by Professors Fukuoka, Hasegawa, and Toyokuni. In this manuscript, we introduce a brief summary of the first part "MM cases and specimen registration", the first component of the fourth part "Cellular and molecular characterization of mesothelioma cells" and the second component of the fourth part "Immunological effects of asbestos". In addition, a previous special issue presented by the Study Group of Fibrous and Particulate Substances (SGFPS) (chaired by Professor Otsuki, Kawasaki Medical School, Japan) for the Japanese Society of Hygiene and published in Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine Volume 13, 2008, included reviews of the aforementioned first component of the fourth part of the project. Taken together, our project led medical investigations regarding asbestos and MM progress and contributed towards the care and examination of patients with asbestos-related diseases during these five years. Further investigations are required to facilitate the development of preventive measures and the cure of asbestos-related diseases, particularly in Japan, where asbestos-related diseases are predicted to increase in the next 10 to 20 years.Nippon Eiseigaku Zasshi (Japanese Journal of Hygiene) 05/2011; 66(3):543-52.