Optimization of the expression of hepatitis B virus e gene in Pichia pastoris and immunological characterization of the product.
ABSTRACT Escherichia coli-derived hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) is widely used for serological tests of hepatitis B virus (HBV). Because it exhibits cross-reactivity with HBcAb in human sera, current antibody to HBeAg (HBeAb) immunoassays are based on competitive inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) rather than sandwich ELISA, which interfere with the specificity and sensitivity of HBeAb detection. Pichia pastoris has advantages of eukaryotic cells, while having the capacity of high-level secretion of foreign proteins. To explore the diagnostic suitability of recombinant HBeAg (rHBeAg), we expressed the wild type HBV e gene (wt-e-gene) and the synthetic HBV e gene (syn-e-gene; native HBV e gene modified based on synonymous codon usage bias) in P. pastoris. The recombinant antigen was secreted into the medium. The expression level of rHBeAg was enhanced by optimizing HBV e gene. The yield of syn-e-gene product was approximately five-fold greater than wt-e-gene. The protein represented 66% of the total supernatant protein, and was simply purified to 90%. P. pastoris-derived HBeAg showed high HBe antigenicity, while lacking any HBc antigenicity and cross-reactivity between all proteins derived from the culture of P. pastoris and normal human sera. P. pastoris-derived HBeAg has higher specificity and sensitivity for detection HBeAb in the diagnostic assay than the commercial HBeAb ELISA kits.
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ABSTRACT: To obtain the protein expression of a hybrid xylanase in yeast, the gene encoding it was modified according to the codon bias of Pichia pastoris and expressed extracellularly in this yeast as an active xylanase, MBtx, exhibited a molecular mass of approximately 35kDa on SDS–PAGE. The pH behavior of MBtx in terms of both activity and stability was similar to that of Btx, original gene product in Escherichia coli, while a certain difference was observed in optimal temperature for activity and in thermal stability. HPLC analysis revealed the xylan in wheat could be hydrolyzed by MBtx and the major hydrolysis product was xylotriose. These results showed codon usage played a key role in regulating the expression of the hybrid xylanase in P. pastoris and the recombinant hybrid xylanase, MBtx, produced by P. pastoris could be potentially useful in feed industry.World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 08/2009; 25(8):1453-1460. DOI:10.1007/s11274-009-0035-1 · 1.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Membrane proteins play key roles in diverse cellular functions and have become the target for a large number of pharmacological drugs. Despite representing about 20-30% of cellular proteins, their characterization is long overdue since they are difficult to handle, to purify from their natural source or to obtain as recombinant proteins. Pichia pastoris is a methylotrophic yeast species increasingly used as a host for heterologous protein expression for both research and industrial purposes. Over the past few years many efforts have allowed important advances in the development of this expression system for the expression and production of membrane proteins. The most recent achievements in improving yield and proper folding of integral membrane proteins are summarized in this review.Biotechnology Journal 06/2011; 6(6):700-6. DOI:10.1002/biot.201100146 · 3.71 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This paper discusses a tomographic approach focusing on ultrasonic measurements to monitor liquid multiphase mixtures. Separately a capacitive tomography low-cost setup is regarded. Both sensor arrays aim for the localization of variable phase boundaries and the physical characterisation of spatially distributed phases. Focusing on a real time processing, a reduced number of transducers in combination with a fast linear modelling and direct image reconstruction methods are used. Experimental results of a layered 3-phase-system validate the potential and limits of physical resolution of both approaches. Finally, the prospectively intended data fusion of both approaches is discussed.Sensors and Actuators A Physical 12/2011; 172(1):322-329. DOI:10.1016/j.sna.2011.04.010 · 1.94 Impact Factor