Twenty years of unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplantation for adult recipients facilitated by the National Marrow Donor Program.
ABSTRACT For more than 20 years the National Marrow Donor Program has facilitated unrelated donor hematopoietic cell transplants for adult recipients. In this time period, the volunteer donor pool has expanded to nearly 12 million adult donors worldwide, improvements have occurred in the understanding and technology of HLA matching, there have been many changes in clinical practice and supportive care, and the more common graft source has shifted from bone marrow (BM) to peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs). The percentage of older patients who are receiving unrelated donor transplants is increasing; currently over 1 in 10 adult transplant recipients is over the age of 60 years. Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) was previously the most common diagnosis for unrelated donor transplantation, but it now comprises less than 10% of transplants for adult recipients. Transplants for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) all outnumber CML. Treatment-related mortality (TRM) has declined significantly over the years, particularly in association with myeloablative transplant preparative regimens. Correspondingly, survival within each disease category has improved. Particularly gratifying are the results in severe aplastic anemia (AA) where 2-year survival has doubled in just 10 years.
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ABSTRACT: Located on Chromosome 6p21, classical human leukocyte antigen genes are highly polymorphic. HLA alleles associate with a variety of phenotypes, such as narcolepsy, autoimmunity, as well as immunologic response to infectious disease. Moreover, high resolution genotyping of these loci is critical to achieving long-term survival of allogeneic transplants. Development of methods to obtain high resolution analysis of HLA genotypes will lead to improved understanding of how select alleles contribute to human health and disease risk. Genomic DNAs were obtained from a cohort of n = 383 subjects recruited as part of an Ulcerative Colitis study and analyzed for HLA-DRB1. HLA genotypes were determined using sequence specific oligonucleotide probes and by next-generation sequencing using the Roche/454 GSFLX instrument. The Clustering and Alignment of Polymorphic Sequences (CAPSeq) software application was developed to analyze next-generation sequencing data. The application generates HLA sequence specific 6-digit genotype information from next-generation sequencing data using MUMmer to align sequences and the R package diffusionMap to classify sequences into their respective allelic groups. The incorporation of Bootstrap Aggregating, Bagging to aid in sorting of sequences into allele classes resulted in improved genotyping accuracy. Using Bagging iterations equal to 60, the genotyping results obtained using CAPSeq when compared with sequence specific oligonucleotide probe characterized 4-digit genotypes exhibited high rates of concordance, matching at 759 out of 766 (99.1%) alleles.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(3):e59835. · 3.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL) are non-Hodgkin lymphomas usually running an indolent course. However, some patients progress to tumor stages or leukemic phase for which no curative treatment is available. Although initial response rates are high, remissions are often short-lived. Recent reports suggest a potential curative role for allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT). We searched databases for genetically randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing alloSCT with conventional therapy. Data extraction and quality assessment were performed following the guidelines of the Cochrane Collaboration. Primary outcome measures were overall survival, secondary criteria included time-to-progression and response rate. A total number of 2077 primary citations were screened for relevant studies. Detailed analysis revealed that no RCTs on this subject have been performed and no systematic meta-analysis could be carried out. Nevertheless, several retrospective analyses and case series addressed the question of alloSCT for patients with advanced CTCL or Sézary syndrome. In this review, we will discuss the currently available data.Critical reviews in oncology/hematology 07/2012; · 5.27 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUD: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are proposed to persist in tumors as a distinct population and cause relapse and metastasis by giving rise to new tumors. Development of specific therapies targeted at CSCs holds hope for the improvement of survival and quality of life of cancer patients, especially for sufferers of metastatic disease. This is particularly true in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). METHODS: In this study, we isolated fetal liver kinase-1-positive (Flk1(+)) cells carrying the BCR/ABL fusion gene from the bone marrow of Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph(+)) patients with stem cells property. We examined their biological characteristics as well as immunological function and further detected the possible molecular mechanism involved in the leukemia genesis. RESULTS: We showed that CML patient-derived Flk1(+)CD31(-)CD34(-) MSCs had normal morphology, phenotype and karyotype but appeared impaired immunomodulatory function. The capacity of Flk1(+)CD31(-)CD34(-) MSCs from CML patients to inhibit T lymphocyte activation and proliferation was impaired in vitro. CML patient-derived MSCs have dampening immunomodulatory functions, suggesting that the dysregulation of hematopoiesis and immune response might originate from MSCs rather than HSCs. These Ph(+) putative CML hemangioblast upregulated TGF-β1 and resultantly activated matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) to enhance s-KitL and s-ICAM-1 secretion, which activated c-kit(+) HSCs from the quiescent state to proliferative state. Further studies showed that phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt/nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling pathway was involved in CML pathogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Flk1(+)CD31(-)CD34(-) MSCs that express BCR/ABL leukemia oncogene are CSCs of CML and they play a critical role in the progression of CML through PI3K/Akt/NF-κB/MMP-9/s-ICAM-1/s-KitL signaling pathway beyond HSCs.Cancer Immunology and Immunotherapy 11/2012; · 3.64 Impact Factor