Molecular basis of the interaction between the antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins and the proapoptotic protein ASPP2.
ABSTRACT We have characterized the molecular basis of the interaction between ASPP2 and Bcl-2, which are key proteins in the apoptotic pathway. The C-terminal ankyrin repeats and SH3 domain of ASPP2 (ASPP2(Ank-SH3)) mediate its interactions with the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2. We used biophysical and computational methods to identify the interaction sites of Bcl-2 and its homologues with ASPP2. Using peptide array screening, we found that ASPP2(Ank-SH3) binds two homologous sites in all three Bcl proteins tested: (i) the conserved BH4 motif, and (ii) a binding site for proapoptotic regulators. Quantitative binding studies revealed that binding of ASPP2(Ank-SH3) to the Bcl-2 family members is selective at two levels: (i) interaction with Bcl-2-derived peptides is the tightest compared to peptides from the other family members, and (ii) within Bcl-2, binding of ASPP2(Ank-SH3) to the BH4 domain is tightest. Sequence alignment of the ASPP2-binding peptides combined with binding studies of mutated peptides revealed that two nonconserved positions where only Bcl-2 contains positively charged residues account for its tighter binding. The experimental binding results served as a basis for docking analysis, by which we modeled the complexes of ASPP2(Ank-SH3) with the full-length Bcl proteins. Using peptide arrays and quantitative binding studies, we found that Bcl-2 binds three loops in ASPP2(Ank-SH3) with similar affinity, in agreement with our predicted model. Based on our results, we propose a mechanism in which ASPP2 induces apoptosis by inhibiting functional sites of the antiapoptotic Bcl-2 proteins.
Article: Insights into the structure and protein-protein interactions of the pro-apoptotic protein ASPP2.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: ASPP (apoptosis-stimulating protein of p53) 2 is a pro-apoptotic protein that stimulates the p53-mediated apoptotic response. Here, we provide an overview of the structure and protein-protein interactions of ASPP2. The C-terminus of ASPP2 contains Ank (ankyrin) repeats and an SH3 domain (Src homology 3 domain). The Ank-SH3 domains mediate interactions between ASPP2 and numerous proteins involved in apoptosis such as p53 and Bcl-2. The proline-rich domain of ASPP2 is unfolded in its native state, but was not shown to mediate intermolecular interactions. Instead, it makes an intramolecular domain-domain interaction with the Ank-SH3 C-terminal domains of ASPP2. This intramolecular interaction between the unstructured proline-rich domain and the structured Ank-SH3 domains in ASPP2, which is possible due to the unfolded nature of the proline-rich domain, is proposed to have an important role in regulating the intermolecular interactions of ASPP2 with its partner proteins.Biochemical Society Transactions 12/2007; 35(Pt 5):966-9. · 3.71 Impact Factor