Article

Interaction of caveolin-1, nitric oxide, and nitric oxide synthases in hypoxic human SK-N-MC neuroblastoma cells

School of Chinese Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
Journal of Neurochemistry (Impact Factor: 4.24). 09/2008; 107(2):478-87. DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2008.05630.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Neuroblastoma cells are capable of hypoxic adaptation, but the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. We hypothesized that caveolin-1 (cav-1), a plasma membrane signal molecule, might play a role in protecting neuroblastoma cells from oxidative injury by modulating nitric oxide (NO) production. We investigated the alterations of cav-1, cav-2, nitric oxide synthases (NOS), and NO levels in human SK-N-MC neuroblastoma cells exposed to hypoxia with 2% [O2]. The major discoveries include: (i) cav-1 but not cav-2 was up-regulated in the cells exposed to 15 h of hypoxia; (ii) NO donor 1-[N, N-di-(2-aminoethyl) amino] diazen-1-ium-1, 2-diolate up-regulated the expression of cav-1, whereas the non-selective NOS inhibitor N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester and inducible NOS (iNOS) inhibitor 1400W each abolished the increase in cav-1 expression in the hypoxic SK-N-MC cells. These results suggest that iNOS-induced NO production contributes to the up-regulation of cav-1 in the hypoxic SK-N-MC cells. Furthermore, we studied the roles played by cav-1 in regulating NO, NOS, and apoptotic cell death in the SK-N-MC cells subjected to 15 h of hypoxic treatment. Both cav-1 transfection and cav-1 scaffolding domain peptide abolished the induction of iNOS, reduced the production of NO, and reduced the rates of apoptotic cell death in the hypoxic SK-N-MC cells. These results suggest that increased expression of cav-1 in response to hypoxic stimulation could prevent oxidative injury induced by reactive oxygen species. The interactions of cav-1, NO, and NOS could be an important signal pathway in protecting the neuroblastoma cells from oxidative injury, contributing to the hypoxic tolerance of neuroblastoma cells.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Jian gang Shen, Dec 22, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
151 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The endocannabinoids anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) are metabolised by cells by hydrolysis to arachidonic acid followed by esterification into phospholipids. Here, we report that nitric oxide (NO) donors significantly increase the amount of tritium accumulated in the cell membranes of RBL2H3 rat basophilic cells, 3T3-L1 mouse fibroblast cells and b.End5 mouse brain endothelioma cells following incubation of the intact cells with AEA labelled in the arachidonate part of the molecule. Similar results were seen with 2-AG and with arachidonic acid, whilst the NO donors reduced the accumulation of tritium after incubation of RBL2H3 cells with AEA labelled in the ethanolamine part of the molecule. Pretreatment of intact cells with NO donors did not increase the activity of the enzyme mainly responsible for metabolism of AEA, fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). Furthermore, inhibition of FAAH completely blocked the effect produced by NO donors in cells with a large FAAH component, suggesting that for AEA, the effects were downstream of the enzyme. These data raise the possibility that the cellular processing of endocannabinoids following its uptake can be regulated by nitric oxide.
    European journal of pharmacology 09/2009; 621(1-3):10-8. DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2009.08.028 · 2.68 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The polyamines spermidine and spermine, and their precursor putrescine, are required for cell growth and cellular functions. The high levels of tissue polyamines are implicated in carcinogenesis. The major sources of exogenous polyamines are diet and intestinal luminal bacteria in gastrointestinal (GI) tissues. Both endocytic and solute carrier-dependent mechanisms have been described for polyamine uptake. Knocking down of caveolin-1 protein increased polyamine uptake in colon cancer-derived HCT116 cells. Dietary supplied putrescine was accumulated in GI tissues and liver in caveolin-1 knockout mice more than wild-type mice. Knocking out of nitric oxide synthase (NOS2), which has been implicated in the release of exogenous polyamines from internalized vesicles, abolished the accumulation of dietary putrescine in GI tissues. Under conditions of reduced endogenous tissue putrescine contents, caused by treatment with the polyamine synthesis inhibitor difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), small intestinal and colonic mucosal polyamine contents increased with dietary putrescine levels, even in mice lacking NOS2. Knocking down the solute carrier transporter SLC3A2 in HCT116-derived Hkh2 cells reduced the accumulation of exogenous putrescine and total polyamine contents in DFMO treated cells, relative to non-DFMO-treated cells. These data demonstrate that exogenous putrescine is transported into GI tissues by caveolin-1- and NOS2-dependent mechanisms, but that the solute carrier transporter SLC3A2 can function bidirectionally to import putrescine under conditions of low tissue polyamines.
    AJP Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 08/2010; 299(2):G517-22. DOI:10.1152/ajpgi.00169.2010 · 3.74 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Caveolin proteins physically interact with and compartmentalize membrane-localized signaling proteins to facilitate high-fidelity intracellular signaling. Though primarily studied outside the nervous system, recent investigations have revealed that caveolin proteins are key modulators of a variety of neuronal intracellular signaling pathways. Through both protein aggregation and segregation, caveolin proteins can exert positive and negative influences on intracellular signaling. This review will detail recent findings regarding caveolin function in the brain.
    Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS 11/2010; 67(22):3785-95. DOI:10.1007/s00018-010-0447-y · 5.86 Impact Factor
Show more