Replicability of an epibenthic sampler
ABSTRACT Hyperbenthos was sampled at six stations on the western slope of the Norwegian Trough. Four hauls, two day and two night replicates were taken at each station. The replicates were analyzed based on all sampled individuals of Mysidacea and Decapoda Natantia using Shannon diversity index, Spearman rank correlation, G-test, Bray-Curtis similarity index and Correspondence Analysis. The sampler provided samples of mysids and shrimps with an acceptable level of replicability based on number of individuals and diversity. In a cost-efficient context it is satisfactory to take only one sample at a station.
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ABSTRACT: Iceland is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, with an exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles that is largely unexplored with respect to chemical constituents of the marine biota. Iceland is a geothermally active area and hosts both hot and cold adapted organisms on land and in the ocean around it. In particular, the confluence of cold and warm water masses and geothermal activity creates a unique marine environment that has not been evaluated for the potential of marine natural product diversity. Marine organisms need to protect themselves from other organisms trying to overgrow, and some need to secure their place on the bottom of the ocean. Unexplored and unique areas such as the hydrothermal vent site at the sea floor in Eyjafjordur are of particular interest. In 1992 a collaborative research programme on collecting and identifying benthic invertebrates around Iceland (BIOICE) was established, with participation of Icelandic and foreign institutes, universities and taxonomists on benthic invertebrates from all over the world. Since the programme started almost 2,000 species have been identified and of those 41 species are new to science. Our recent bioprospecting project is directed towards the first systematic investigation of the marine natural product diversity of benthic invertebrates occurring in Icelandic waters, and their potential for drug-lead discovery in several key therapeutic areas.Phytochemistry Reviews 01/2013; · 4.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Dynamics of suprabenthos (hyperbenthos) composition and biomass have been simultaneously analyzed at two sites (S1, S2) off the Ebro River Delta (western Mediterranean). The stations, separated by ca. 5 km, differed in terms of depth (S1, 47 m; S2, 61 m), distance to the river mouth (S2 south of S1 and farther from the mouth) and fishing activity (S1 is a fishing ground; S2 is in an area closed to fishing). Peracarids (gammaridean amphipods, mysids, and cumaceans) were dominant among suprabenthic taxa. Seasonality was the main explanation for changes in taxonomic composition, with two seasonal groups indicated by MDS analyses (late summer–autumn, August–September, and November 2003; early summer, June and July samples). Peracarids at both S1 and S2 showed a peak of abundance in early July, with the highest densities reaching 5400 individuals (100 m)−2 at S2. There was a sharp decrease of density in late July (S1) and August (S2), then an increase in August (S1) and in September (S2), respectively. A secondary peak of abundance occurred in November (S1) and December (S2). There was, therefore, a similar picture in the dynamics of suprabenthic peracarids at both sites, though with a delay of 1 month at the deeper S2. This pattern coincided with changes in river discharge (specifically, a decrease of suprabenthos when influx was below 200 m3 s−1 in the period June–September 2003), and with the formation of a thermal gradient (also in June–September 2003) between S1 and S2 associated with the 15 °C isotherm. In addition, the decrease of suprabenthos in late July–August also coincided with the massive occurrence of mucilaginous aggregates close to the bottom (at between 0 and 4 m above the bottom), in the usual habitat of suprabenthos. C/N ratios in sediments (an indicator of the degree of degradation of organic matter (OM)) increased during this peak abundance of mucilaginous aggregates. The impoverishment of sediments in total organic carbon (TOC) was parallel to the decline of suprabenthos in late July–August, which is consistent with negative or non-significant correlations (evidenced both by Spearman's r and multi-regression models) between suprabenthos densities and TOC. Zooplankton taxa (e.g., copepods, chaetognaths, and fish/crustacean larvae living in the entire water column) showed significant correlations with a number of environmental factors (basically temperature), in contrast to suprabenthos. In conclusion, suprabenthos abundance was influenced by a number of natural factors, both intra-annual (e.g., OM quality, river discharges) and inter-annual (e.g., accumulation of mucilaginous remains). Probably due to their swimming capability, suprabenthos were not influenced by trawling activity. Considering the high P/B exhibited by suprabenthic crustaceans in comparison to infauna, this compartment likely has an important role in regulating food webs in those communities submitted to high fishing impact.Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 12/2007; 75(4):501–515. · 2.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A first quantitative description of the suprabenthic fauna in a coarse sand community from the western English Channel is provided. One hundred and twenty species of Crustacea were collected in 22 suprabenthic sledge hauls collected throughout the year (1988–1989). Mysids and Amphipods dominated the fauna, among them Anchialina agilis (Sars), Gastrosaccus spp., Apherusa spp., Eusirus longipes Boeck, and Stenothoe marina (Bate) were the dominant species. Although most dominant species showed a vertically decreasing gradient of density from the lower net to the upper level of the sledge, the most abundant species, Apherusa spp., showed similar density at all four levels. The mean density at the four levels of the sledge did not differ significantly with the distance above the sediment. Species performed nocturnal vertical migrations: the densities of mysids were higher during the day than at night; conversely, the densities of amphipods and decapods were higher at night than during the day. The density and species richness showed high seasonal variation, from low values at the end of autumn and winter to high values in summer and the beginning of autumn. The results are compared with the available data on suprabenthic communities from the North Atlantic; this highlights (1) the lack of concentration of suprabenthic fauna towards the sediment on coarse sand, and (2) the highest abundance of the suprabenthic fauna from muddy substrata.Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 08/1994; 74(03). · 1.13 Impact Factor