Article

Chiral separations in polar organic solvent chromatography: Updating a screening strategy with new chlorine-containing 14 polysaccharide-based selectors

Department of Analytical Chemistry and Pharmaceutical Technology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Laarbeeklaan 103, B-1090 Brussels, Belgium.
Journal of Chromatography B (Impact Factor: 2.69). 09/2008; 875(1):57-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2008.07.038
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The screening conditions of an existing column and mobile phase selection strategy for chiral drug substances in polar organic solvent liquid chromatography (POSC) were tested for their applicability on two new chlorine-containing polysaccharide-based stationary phases. The selectors of these phases are cellulose tris(3-chloro-4-methylphenylcarbamate) and amylose tris(5-chloro-2-methylphenylcarbamate). The enantioselectivity of these phases is compared to that of the four phases (Chiralpak AD-RH, Chiralcel OD-RH, Chiralpak AS-RH and Chiralcel OJ-RH) used in the earlier defined strategy. A test set of 62 structurally diverse chiral drug substances is analyzed using the screening conditions of the strategy on the six phases. The results confirm that the acetonitrile-based mobile phase provides a higher success rate and better resolutions than the methanol-based also on the new phases. However, the importance of the methanol-based mobile phase cannot be neglected for complementarity reasons; the two mobile phases insure enantioselectivity for different compounds. A third (ethanol-based) mobile phase, not part of the strategy, was also used to screen the two new phases. The joint results led to different possibilities to upgrade the current screening strategy so that improved success rates are obtained. The chlorine-containing chiral stationary phases demonstrated to have an added value to the screening process since they provided enantioresolution for compounds not resolved by non-chlorine-containing ones.

0 Followers
 · 
92 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The separation of enantiomers of 16 basic drugs was studied using polysaccharide-based chiral selectors and acetonitrile as mobile phase with emphasis on the role of basic and acidic additives on the separation and elution order of enantiomers. Out of the studied chiral selectors, amylose phenylcarbamate-based ones more often showed a chiral recognition ability compared to cellulose phenylcarbamate derivatives. An interesting effect was observed with formic acid as additive on enantiomer resolution and enantiomer elution order for some basic drugs. Thus, for instance, the enantioseparation of several β-blockers (atenolol, sotalol, toliprolol) improved not only by the addition of a more conventional basic additive to the mobile phase, but also by the addition of an acidic additive. Moreover, an opposite elution order of enantiomers was observed depending on the nature of the additive (basic or acidic) in the mobile phase. Chirality 00:000-000, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Chirality 01/2015; 27(3). DOI:10.1002/chir.22417 · 1.72 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, the screening steps of chiral separation strategies with polysaccharide-based chiral stationary phases were applied on boron cluster compounds in normal-phase liquid chromatography (NPLC) and polar organic solvents chromatography (POSC). Since the screening steps were initially developed to analyze organic compounds, their applicability for boron clusters was investigated. Overall, the screening steps in NPLC were applicable for the separation of zwitterions, while for anions mostly no elution was observed. A hypothesis for the latter behavior is precipitation of anions in the nonpolar mobile phases. Ten out of 11 compounds could be partially or baseline separated on the NPLC screening systems. In POSC, all zwitterions were separated on at least one of the screening systems, with an overall lower retention as in NPLC. Anions were detected but not separated in the majority of the experiments. Also their retention on the chiral stationary phases was very limited. This study showed that the chiral discrimination potential of chemically modified polysaccharides is meaningful for chiral separations of structurally chiral boron cluster species, but needs further systematic research, in which recognition mechanisms should be further explored. In addition, some unusual peaks also indicated that conditions with a high separation efficiency must first be searched for some of the tested systems. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Biomedical Chromatography 05/2014; 28(5). DOI:10.1002/bmc.3091 · 1.66 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The chiral recognition mechanism for a successful enantioseparation on polysaccharide stationary phases are still poorly understood. In this series of papers, we aim to provide some insight into the retention and separation mechanisms occurring in enantioselective supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC). This paper presents a thorough investigation on chlorinated polysaccharide chiral stationary phases (CSP) comprising five coated and three immobilized phases from different manufacturers. The columns are also compared to four non-chlorinated phases to unravel the most significant differences brought about by the introduction of electron-withdrawing atoms on the aromatic ligands. Chemometrics are used to (i) get an overview of all columns (cluster analysis), (ii) describe retention (modified solvation parameter model) and (iii) describe enantioseparation (discriminant analysis). Sample applications are provided to support the discussion.
    Journal of Chromatography A 06/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.chroma.2014.06.026 · 4.26 Impact Factor