Article

Distinct Licensing of IL-18 and IL-1β Secretion in Response to NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation

University of California Merced, United States of America
PLoS ONE (Impact Factor: 3.53). 09/2012; 7(9):e45186. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045186
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Inflammasome activation permits processing of interleukins (IL)-1β and 18 and elicits cell death (pyroptosis). Whether these responses are independently licensed or are "hard-wired" consequences of caspase-1 (casp1) activity has not been clear. Here, we show that that each of these responses is independently regulated following activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes by a "non-canonical" stimulus, the secreted Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) p60 protein. Primed murine dendritic cells (DCs) responded to p60 stimulation with reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and secretion of IL-1β and IL-18 but not pyroptosis. Inhibitors of ROS production inhibited secretion of IL-1β, but did not impair IL-18 secretion. Furthermore, DCs from caspase-11 (casp11)-deficient 129S6 mice failed to secrete IL-1β in response to p60 but were fully responsive for IL-18 secretion. These findings reveal that there are distinct licensing requirements for processing of IL-18 versus IL-1β by NLRP3 inflammasomes.

0 Followers
 · 
107 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Propionibacterium acnes is a Gram-positive, slow-growing, anaerobic bacillus, predominantly found as a commensal on the skin and mucous membranes of adults. It is, however, also considered an opportunistic pathogen; mostly associated with acne vulgaris, but rarely also with severe infections such as infective endocarditis, prosthetic joint infections, and deep sternal wound infections following cardiothoracic surgery. In addition, P. acnes has recently been found in high frequency in prostate tissue from patients with prostatitis and prostate cancer. The NOD-like receptors (NLR) act as intracellular sensors of microbial components, and a number of various bacteria have been found to induce assembling and activation of NLR-inflammasomes; leading to a pro-inflammatory response. The inflammasome-mediated formation of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and IL-18 involves the auto-proteolytic maturation of caspase-1. This study investigated if P. acnes activates inflammasomes. Propionibacterium acnes isolates (n = 29) with diverse origin were used as stimuli for peripheral leukocytes obtained from blood donors (BDs). The activity of inflammasomes was determined by measuring caspase-1 by flow cytometry and cytokine production by ELISA. A significant amount of caspase-1 was found in neutrophils upon P. acnes stimulation, whereas only a modest activation was seen in monocytes. The activation was mainly produced by components of the bacterial cell and no exo-products, because heat-killed and live bacteria caused high activation of caspase-1 as well as cytokine production, whereas the bacterial supernatant elicited minor effect. The response among different BDs varied significantly, almost fivefold. In addition, P. acnes of various origins showed considerable variation, however, the commensal isolates showed a stronger response compared with the invasive. In conclusion, although regarded as a harmless commensal of the skin, P. acnes strongly activates the inflammasome of human peripheral neutrophils.
    Apmis 12/2012; DOI:10.1111/apm.12035 · 1.92 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The molecular mechanisms of Fas (CD95/Apo-1)-mediated apoptosis are increasingly understood. However, the role of Fas-mediated production of proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-18 and IL-1β in bacterial infection is unclear. We demonstrate the importance of Fas-mediated signaling in IL-18/IL-1β production postinfection with Listeria monocytogenes without the contribution of caspase-1 inflammasome. IL-18/IL-1β production in L. monocytogenes-infected peritoneal exudate cells from Fas-deficient mice was lower than those from wild type mice, indicating that Fas signaling contributes to cytokine production. L. monocytogenes infection induced Fas ligand expression on NK cells, which stimulates Fas expressed on the infected macrophages, leading to the production of IL-18/IL-1β. This was independent of caspase-1, caspase-11, and nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat-containing receptors (NLRs) such as Nlrp3 and Nlrc4, but dependent on apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain. Wild type cells exhibited caspase-8 activation, whereas Fas-deficient cells did not. L. monocytogenes-induced caspase-8 activation was abrogated by inhibitor for intracellular reactive oxygen species, N-acetyl-L-cysteine. L. monocytogenes-infected macrophages produced type-I IFNs such as IFN-β1, which was required for Il18 gene expression. Thus, Fas signaling regulates innate inflammatory cytokine production in L. monocytogenes infection.
    The Journal of Immunology 03/2013; 190(8). DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1203059 · 5.36 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Variants of the multidrug resistance gene (MDR1/ABCB1) have been associated with increased susceptibility to severe ulcerative colitis (UC). In this study, we investigated the role of TLR/IL-1R signaling pathways including the common adaptor MyD88 in the pathogenesis of chronic colonic inflammation in MDR1A deficiency. Double- or triple-null mice lacking TLR2, MD-2, MyD88, and MDR1A were generated in the FVB/N background. Deletion of TLR2 in MDR1A deficiency resulted in fulminant pancolitis with early expansion of CD11b(+) myeloid cells and rapid shift toward TH1-dominant immune responses in the lamina propria. Colitis exacerbation in TLR2/MDR1A double-knockout mice required the unaltered commensal microbiota and the LPS coreceptor MD-2. Blockade of IL-1β activity by treatment with IL-1R antagonist (IL-1Ra; Anakinra) inhibited colitis acceleration in TLR2/MDR1A double deficiency; intestinal CD11b(+)Ly6C(+)-derived IL-1β production and inflammation entirely depended on MyD88. TLR2/MDR1A double-knockout CD11b(+) myeloid cells expressed MD-2/TLR4 and hyperresponded to nonpathogenic Escherichia coli or LPS with reactive oxygen species production and caspase-1 activation, leading to excessive cell death and release of proinflammatory IL-1β, consistent with pyroptosis. Inhibition of reactive oxygen species-mediated lysosome degradation suppressed LPS hyperresponsiveness. Finally, active UC in patients carrying the TLR2-R753Q and MDR1-C3435T polymorphisms was associated with increased nuclear expression of caspase-1 protein and cell death in areas of acute inflammation, compared with active UC patients without these variants. In conclusion, we show that the combined defect of two UC susceptibility genes, MDR1A and TLR2, sets the stage for spontaneous and uncontrolled colitis progression through MD-2 and IL-1R signaling via MyD88, and we identify commensally induced pyroptosis as a potential innate immune effector in severe UC pathogenesis.
    The Journal of Immunology 05/2013; 190(11). DOI:10.4049/jimmunol.1201592 · 5.36 Impact Factor
Show more

Preview (2 Sources)

Download
1 Download
Available from