Nevus of Ota, synonymously termed oculodermal melanosis, is an uncommon dermal melanosis most commonly seen at birth in children of Japanese descent, though it can affect individuals of any age or ethnicity. The disease tends to persist and extend locally, becoming increasingly prominent with age, puberty, and postmenopausal state. Treatment should begin early after diagnosis using multiple sessions of laser photothermolysis to avoid darkening and extension of the lesion. Important associated disorders include ipsilateral glaucoma; intracranial melanocytosis; and rarely cutaneous, ocular, or intracranial melanoma. Recommendations are discussed for managing nevus of Ota in children.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Melanotic schwannoma is a rare markedly pigmented peripheral nerve sheath tumor comprising cells with prominent melanization and schwannian features. The psammomatous variety is associated with Carney complex, a multiple neoplasia syndrome with spotty skin pigmentation. We present the first 2 reported cases of melanotic schwannoma arising in patients with a history of nevus of Ota, a rare dermal melanosis believed to represent a failure of melanocyte migration to the epidermis during embryogenesis. Case 1 involves a 40-year-old woman with a 1.8-cm, deeply pigmented, trigeminal nerve mass and pigmentation of the maxillary sinus mucosa and bone. Case 2 involves a 53-year-old woman with a 1.5-cm mass adjacent to the clavicle. Microscopically, both masses consist of partially encapsulated epithelioid and spindle cells with abundant melanin pigment, arising in association with peripheral nerves. Morphological, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural features support a diagnosis of melanotic schwannoma. No psammoma bodies are noted, and neither patient exhibits any additional features of Carney complex. Melanotic schwannoma is most often benign but has been associated with malignant behavior in some cases. Distinguishing this nerve sheath tumor from malignant melanoma can be difficult but is of great clinical importance due to differences in prognosis and treatment.
The American Journal of dermatopathology 09/2009; 31(8):808-13. DOI:10.1097/DAD.0b013e3181accd0e · 1.39 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nevus of Ota and nevus of Ito are rare dermal melanocytoses. Nevus of Ota may be very rarely associated with the nevus of Ito and other extra cutaneous features. Both nevi are similar in all respect apart from the area of distribution. Bilateral distribution of nevus of Ito is seldom reported in the literature. A 24-year-old male patient reported with nevus of Ota of the right side of his face since his infancy and nevus of Ito on both shoulder regions since early childhood. He had bluish lesions on the right side of his hard palate. Systemic examination was normal. Relevant laboratory investigations were non contributory. The histopathological examination of the skin from the affected areas showed the presence of elongated dendritic dermal melanocytes. The present case is the first report of an association of bilateral nevus of Ito with nevus of Ota and palatal lesions. Tanino classified Nevus of Ota into four groups. As both the nevi are similar in all respect except the area of distribution, a minor modification of the existing Tanino's classification to incorporate the nevus of Ito into the classification for the Ota's nevus may be appropriate.
Indian Journal of Dermatology 07/2013; 58(4):286-9. DOI:10.4103/0019-5154.113943
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective:
To retrospectively study laser treatment of nevus of Ota in children.
Clinically analyzing characteristics, effects, side effects, and recurrence of a 104 cases of nevus of Ota in children under 12 years, including 32 boys and 72 girls.
After seven treatments, cure rate of lesion color fading and area reducing were 79.81% and 75.96%, respectively. After 10 treatments, both of the two cure rates were 96.15%. Later the cure rate was constant with even more treatments. The younger the first treating age, the lesser the treatments are. The younger the age of onset, the higher the relapse after clearance.
Nevus of Ota should be treated as early as possible to reach better efficacy with less treatments. The younger the onset age, the easier it recurs.
Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy 04/2014; 16(4). DOI:10.3109/14764172.2014.910077 · 1.11 Impact Factor
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