Article

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta agonist enhances vasculogenesis by regulating endothelial progenitor cells through genomic and nongenomic activations of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway.

Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Hospital, 28 Yongon-dong Chongno-gu, Seoul 110-744, Korea.
Circulation (Impact Factor: 15.2). 10/2008; 118(10):1021-33. DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.777169
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Despite the therapeutic potential of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in ischemic vascular diseases, their insufficient numbers limit clinical applications. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-delta belongs to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily, and its functions in various tissues and cells are almost unexplored, especially with respect to vascular biology.
PPAR-delta activation in EPCs phosphorylated Akt, and this phosphorylation was mediated not only by genomic but also by nongenomic pathways through interaction with the regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. PPAR-delta activation with agonist (GW501516 or L-165041) increased the proliferation of human EPCs and protected them from hypoxia-induced apoptosis. In addition, PPAR-delta activation enhanced EPC functions, such as transendothelial migration, and tube formation. These actions by PPAR-delta activation in EPCs were dependent on the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway. In ischemic hindlimb of mice models, transplantation of PPAR-delta agonist-treated human or mouse EPCs enhanced blood flow recovery to ischemic limbs compared with vehicle-treated EPCs. In EPCs from PPAR-delta-knockout mice, however, treatment with PPAR-delta agonist did not enhance in vivo vasculogenic potential. Systemic administration of PPAR-delta agonist increased hematopoietic stem cells in bone marrow and EPCs in peripheral blood, leading to improved vasculogenesis with incorporation of bone marrow-derived cells to new vessels in a corneal neovascularization model and limb salvage with better blood flow in an ischemic hindlimb model.
The results of our study suggest that PPAR-delta agonist has therapeutic vasculogenic potential for the treatment of ischemic cardiovascular diseases.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
77 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Specific genes and growth factors are involved in stem cell differentiation. In this study, we fabricated a delivery carrier for both protein and gene delivery that was introduced into human endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). The highly negative charge carried by the heparin-modified pluronic nanogels allowed for binding to growth factors and localization in the core of nanogels. The residues of negatively charged heparin can complex with positively charged cationic materials, making it suitable for gene delivery. Supramolecular nanogels can be easily encapsulated the hydrophilic drugs and highly positive surfaces can be complexed with negative charge carrying plasmid DNA (pDNA). The size distribution, gel retardation, and denaturation of encapsulated growth factors and supramolecular nanogels modified with heparin were evaluated. The supramolecular nanogels containing basic fibroblast growth factors and complexing VEGF165 pDNA internalized into EPCs have been well formed vascular formation in matrigel gels. Proteins and genes introduced into EPCs using nanogels promoted neovascularization in an animal model of limb ischemia. EPCs that differentiated into endothelial cells both in vitro and in vivo were tested.
    Biomaterials 03/2014; · 8.31 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated transcription factors belonging to the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. Recent studies have demonstrated that PPARs regulate lipid metabolism and are expressed in various cancers. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of PPAR-α, -β and -γ in normal canine testicular tissue and canine testicular tumours (CTTs). Expression of PPAR-α, -β and -γ was greater (P <0.05) than in normal testicular tissue. PPARs were therefore induced in CTTs and they may play a role in the biology of these tumours.
    Journal of comparative pathology 12/2012; · 1.73 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: AimsThe roles of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-δ in vascular biology are mainly unknown. We investigated the effects of PPAR-δ activation on the paracrine networks between endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and endothelial cells (ECs)/skeletal muscle.Methods and resultsTreatment of EPCs with GW501516, a PPAR-δ agonist, induced specifically matrix metallo-proteinase (MMP)-9 by direct transcriptional activation. Subsequently, this increased-MMP-9 broke down insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP)-3, resulting in IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) activation in surrounding target cells. Treatment of conditioned medium from GW501516-stimulated EPCs enhanced the number and functions of human umbilical vein ECs and C2C12 myoblasts via MMP-9-mediated IGF-1R activation. Systemic administration of GW501516 in mice increased MMP-9 expression in EPCs, and augmented IGFBP-3 degradation in serum. In a mouse hindlimb ischaemia model, systemic treatment of GW501516 or local transplantation of GW501516-treated EPCs induced IGF-1R phosphorylation in ECs and skeletal muscle in the ischaemic limbs, leading to augmented angiogenesis and skeletal muscle regeneration. It also enhanced wound healing with increased angiogenesis in a mouse skin punch wound model. These pro-angiogenic and muscle-regenerating effects were abolished by MMP-9 knock-out.ConclusionOur results suggest that PPAR-δ is a crucial modulator of angio-myogenesis via the paracrine effects of EPCs, and its agonist is a good candidate as a therapeutic drug for patients with peripheral vascular diseases.
    European Heart Journal 09/2011; · 14.72 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
7 Downloads
Available from
May 27, 2014