Liver/spleen volume ratio as a predictor of prognosis in primary biliary cirrhosis.

Department of Gastroenterology and Metabology, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Shitsukawa, Toon, 791-0295, Japan.
Journal of Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 3.79). 02/2008; 43(8):632-6. DOI: 10.1007/s00535-008-2202-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The course of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is determined by clinical symptoms and histological findings. The present study examined the prognostic importance of imaging parameters in PBC.
The volumes of the liver and spleen of patients with PBC were assessed by computed tomography (CT). The volume ratio of liver to spleen (LV/SV ratio) was evaluated and used for further analyses.
The prognosis was significantly poorer in PBC patients with a low, rather than high, LV/SV ratio. The Cox proportional hazard regression model showed that the serum bilirubin level and the LV/SV ratio could predict the prognosis of PBC patients. In addition, the LV/SV ratio was significantly lower in patients who developed symptoms (s-PBC) than in those who remained asymptomatic (a-PBC) during the observation period.
The LV/SV ratio is of prognostic importance in patients with PBC.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fibrogenesis is a typical reaction of the liver to injury. In the case of overstimulation of fibrogenesis clinically significant fibrosis and, eventually, cirrhosis occur. Treatment of liver cirrhosis is limited, therefore it is important to screen and monitor patients at risk of cirrhosis. Noninvasive parameters are ideal for this purpose due to their risk profile and repeatability. Systematic review of literature. Among large number of proposed biomarkers, there is a distinct difference between two groups or classes. Class I biomarkers are associated with the process of fibrogenesis, their presence in the serum is the result of the increased turnover of extracellular matrix. Class II biomarkers and their combinations are mostly markers of liver function or structural damage. We have identified 27 Class I and 13 Class II biomarkers that have been proposed in the literature. We have evaluated in detail those which reached limited clinical application. General clinical acceptance of these biomarkers is low because of various drawbacks. Simple and readily available biomarkers have low accuracy in predicting liver fibrosis and more advanced markers have low cost-benefit ratio. Therefore liver biopsy remains the "gold standard" for diagnosis of fibrosis. However potential noninvasive alternatives exist and their implementation could be valuable.
    Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 08/2010; 411(15-16):1009-17. · 2.54 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The essential anion exchanger (AE) involved in biliary bicarbonate secretion is AE2/SLC4A2, a membrane protein which has also been recognized to be relevant for the regulation of the intracellular pH (pH(i)) in several cell types. Previously, we reported that the expression of AE2 mRNA is diminished in liver biopsies and peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). Immunohistochemical studies indicated that the expression of the AE2 protein is decreased in the bile ducts and hepatocytes in PBC livers. Moreover, we found that bile duct cells isolated from PBC patients and cultured for a few passages exhibit defective Na(+)-independent Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchange. Interestingly, positron emission tomography studies have shown that PBC patients, even at early stages of the disease, fail to secrete bicarbonate to bile in response to secretin, a defect that can be partially reversed after several months of treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid. Altogether, these findings sustain our hypothesis that dysfunctions related to AE2 might have a role in the pathogenesis of PBC. Inadequate AE2 function in lymphocytes may disturb pH(i) regulation in these cells and alter immune homeostasis leading to autoimmunity. On the other hand, reduced AE2 in cholangiocytes could cause cholestasis and oxidative stress of bile duct cells. Cholangiocyte changes, together with altered immune homeostasis, could favor the development of antimitochondrial antibodies and the autoimmune attack on biliary ducts. Our recent findings that Ae2(a,b)-deficient mice indeed display most of these features strongly support the notion that AE2 abnormalities may be involved in the pathogenesis of PBC.
    Digestive Diseases 01/2011; 29(1):103-12. · 2.73 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is considered a model autoimmune disease based on several features, including the presence of a highly directed and very specific immune response to mitochondrial autoantigens, a female predominance, a targeted destruction of the biliary epithelium, and homogeneity between patients. It is essentially a chronic progressive cholestatic liver disease characterized by immune-mediated destruction of small- and medium-sized intrahepatic bile ducts. There is considerable variation in the incidence and prevalence of the disease between regions of the world, although such differences likely reflect not only a true disparity in disease but also differences in awareness; for example, in the United States, PBC is often detected in an asymptomatic stage based on multi-phasic clinical testing. There has been considerable progress at defining the immune response in this disease, including quantitation of autoreactive T cells against PDC-E2, the major mitochondrial autoantigen. The overwhelming data suggests that patients develop PBC based on a genetic predisposition and loss of tolerance to one or more environmental agents. In this review, we will present an updated overview of PBC and place it in the context of autoimmunity.
    Apmis 11/2012; 120(11):857-71. · 2.07 Impact Factor