Some Fresh-water Larval Trematodes from Cheshire
ABSTRACT The larval trematodes described in this paper were obtained from fresh-water molluscs collected from Rostherne Mere and a pond near Ashley, both in Cheshire. Rostherne Mere is a large sheet of water and carries an extensive fauna, vertebrate and invertebrate. The molluscs were collected from various fixed positions in the littoral region, and this method has confirmed previous observations (unpublished) in other stretches of fresh-water on the variation in the distribution and localisation of infected molluscs. How far this may be related to movements of the final host or to physical factors affecting the migration of the molluscs is at present uncertain; further observations are being made in an attempt to elucidate this problem. The molluscs were isolated in the laboratory in 3 × 1 glass specimen tubes, when the infected specimens were easily seen by the swarming of the cercariae, and all observations (including measurements) were made on these living, fully developed cercariae. Infected snails were later crushed in physiologically normal saline in order to obtain living sporocysts or rediae for examination. Measurements are, of necessity, only approximate owing to the slight pressure exerted by the weight of the cover-glass and the great powers of contraction and extension of these larval forms. Neutral red was used as an intra vitam stain; it also inhibits movement. Of the five species described four are new, the fifth, for which a further stage in the life history is described, being little known and not previously recorded for this country.(Received September 29 1930)
- SourceAvailable from: Elzbieta Zbikowska[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Research on the infection of snails by trematodes has been conducted in Europe for over a hundred years. The initial poor knowledge of the intra-molluscan stages of these parasites together with the difficulty of classifying them constituted a serious obstacle to the undertaking of integrated parasitological and malacological efforts to gain a better understanding of the phenomenon. The compilation of morphological and anatomical results of research on trematode larvae resulted in the publication of keys to designate species of parasites, but was not sufficient to encourage malacologists to collaborate with parasitologists. This paper undertakes to collect data published over the last hundred years on the natural infection of European populations of freshwater snails by trematode larvae. The aim of this undertaking is to make researchers of malacofauna and, above all, experts on freshwater snails aware of the scale of the problem of molluscs being exploited as intermediate hosts of trematodes and, consequently, to encourage parasitologists and malacologists to collaborate on this phenomenon that is crucial for both parasites and hosts.Parasitology Research 06/2009; 105(2):301-11. · 2.85 Impact Factor
- Journal of Zoology 08/2009; 102(4):817 - 826. · 2.04 Impact Factor
- Journal of Zoology - J ZOOL. 01/2009; 102(1):1-32.