Article

Background Television in the Homes of US Children

Communication Studies, University of North Carolina Wilmington, Wilmington, North Carolina
PEDIATRICS (Impact Factor: 5.3). 10/2012; 130(5). DOI: 10.1542/peds.2011-2581
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE:US parents were surveyed to determine the amount of background television that their children are exposed to as well as to isolate demographic factors associated with increased exposure to background television. After this, we ask how certain home media practices are linked to children's background television exposure.METHODS:US parents/caregivers (N = 1454) with 1 child between the ages of 8 months and 8 years participated in this study. A nationally representative telephone survey was conducted. Parents were asked to report on their child's exposure to background television via a 24-hour time diary. Parents were also asked to report relevant home media behaviors related to their child: bedroom television ownership, number of televisions in the home, and how often a television was on in the home.RESULTS:The average US child was exposed to 232.2 minutes of background television on a typical day. With the use of multiple regression analysis, we found that younger children and African American children were exposed to more background television. Leaving the television on while no one is viewing and children's bedroom television ownership were associated with increased background television exposure.CONCLUSIONS:Although recent research has shown the negative consequences associated with background television, this study provides the first nationally representative estimates of that exposure. The amount of exposure for the average child is startling. This study offers practitioners potential pathways to reduce exposure.

Full-text

Available from: Deborah Linebarger, Apr 20, 2015
1 Follower
 · 
147 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Prior research has identified negative effects of background television (TV) exposure on toddler toy play and parent–child interactions and has documented a negative association between early TV exposure and language development. It is hypothesized that background, adult-directed TV reduces the quantity and quality of parent language addressed to their young children. To test this hypothesis, the current study compared parent language directed at 12-, 24-, and 36-month-old toddlers (N = 49) in the presence and absence of background TV. In the presence of background TV, the number of words and utterances spoken per minute by the parent decreased as did the number of new words per minute. However, mean length of utterances did not differ. Because parent input is an important factor for language acquisition, development may be negatively affected by background TV exposure.
    Journal of Children and Media 06/2014; 8(3):211-222. DOI:10.1080/17482798.2014.920715
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Whether traditional TV or Internet multimedia content, parental control systems based on the intermediate filtering criteria of broadcasters or content producers may be not flexible enough. From parent’s perspective, the ideal scenario would be one in which they could dynamically decide about the suitability of any content. Since this desired scenario entails many practical problems, we propose an intermediate solution where parents delegate the decision of blocking any piece of TV content on a trustworthy set of parents. Our approach provides a collaborative parental control model based on two pillar: (1) a parenting social network where parents interact, freely give their opinion about TV content and tag this content (collaborative tagging); and (2) a model of trust relationship between parents. Regarding the deployment of parental control, we introduce a parental monitoring system for DVB-IPTV content, which is based on social technologies. The proposal combines information from the service provider and from parents in a social network to predict whether content should be blocked.
    Information Systems Frontiers 01/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10796-014-9494-5 · 0.76 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We explored whether sleep time mediates the relation between preschoolers' television exposure and two indicators of neuropsychological function: executive function (EF) and theory of mind (ToM). With a sample of 107 preschoolers and their parents, we found that heavier background television exposure and nighttime television viewing were related to fewer hours of sleep, which, in turn, was related to weaker ToM. However, sleep time did not mediate the relation between intentional television viewing and EF. In this article, we discuss the importance of understanding the mechanisms by which television exposure can affect children's neuropsychological function and offer several alternative explanations.
    Media Psychology 07/2014; 17(3). DOI:10.1080/15213269.2014.915197 · 1.40 Impact Factor