During pregnancy, hormonal fluctuations, fluid shifts, and musculoskeletal changes predispose women to carpal tunnel syndrome. While the clinical presentation is similar to other patients, the history obtained must include information regarding the pregnancy itself. Currently, the indication for electrodiagnostic testing is not clearly defined. Given that symptoms often improve with conservative treatment and abate after delivery, EMG/NCV testing can often be avoided. However, if symptoms are severe or persist, carpal tunnel release is indicated and is considered a safe procedure for both mother and fetus.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neurological conditions during pregnancy can be pregnancy related or can be caused by exacerbation of pre-existing neurological disorders. Knowledge of pre-existing epilepsy or myasthenia gravis in women of childbearing age requires preconception counselling by neurologist and planned pregnancy. Possible adverse effects of medication on the foetus should be balanced with the risk of uncontrolled symptoms. Interdisciplinary management before, during and after pregnancy is recommended. New acute neurological symptoms in pregnant or postpartum women should lead to an urgent neurological review. Patients need a thorough diagnostic evaluation that targets a range of serious pathological conditions that are either unique to (e.g. eclampsia) or arise more frequently (e.g. cerebral venous thrombosis) in this population. Most of these conditions are infrequent and require a specialized and multidisciplinary management. Treatment is challenging due to risks to the unborn child.
Best practice & research. Clinical obstetrics & gynaecology 08/2013; 27(6). DOI:10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2013.07.007 · 1.92 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
The HAPPY study is a large prospective longitudinal cohort study in which pregnant women (N ≈ 2,500) are followed during the entire pregnancy and the whole first year postpartum. The study collects a substantial amount of psychological and physiological data investigating all kinds of determinants that might interfere with general well-being during pregnancy and postpartum, with special attention to the effect of maternal mood, pregnancy-related somatic symptoms (including nausea and vomiting (NVP) and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) symptoms), thyroid function, and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) on pregnancy outcome of mother and foetus.
During pregnancy, participants receive questionnaires at 12, 22 and 32 weeks of gestation. Apart from a previous obstetric history, demographic features, distress symptoms, and pregnancy-related somatic symptoms are assessed. Furthermore, obstetrical data of the obstetric record form and ultrasound data are collected during pregnancy. At 12 and 30 weeks, thyroid function is assessed by blood analysis of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4) and thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab), as well as HCG. Also, depression is assessed with special focus on the two key symptoms: depressed mood and anhedonia. After childbirth, cord blood, neonatal heel screening results and all obstetrical data with regard to start of labour, mode of delivery and complications are collected. Moreover, mothers receive questionnaires at one week, six weeks, four, eight, and twelve months postpartum, to investigate recovery after pregnancy and delivery, including postpartum mood changes, emotional distress, feeding and development of the newborn.
The key strength of this large prospective cohort study is the holistic (multifactorial) approach on perinatal well-being combined with a longitudinal design with measurements during all trimesters of pregnancy and the whole first year postpartum, taking into account two physiological possible markers of complaints and symptoms throughout gestation: thyroid function and HCG. The HAPPY study is among the first to investigate within one design physiological and psychological aspects of NVP and CTS symptoms during pregnancy. Finally, the concept of anhedonia and depressed mood as two distinct aspects of depression and its possible relation on obstetric outcome, breastfeeding, and postpartum well-being will be studied.
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