Clinical outcome of jejunal pouch double-tract reconstruction after total gastrectomy.
ABSTRACT The importance of the duodenal passage and the need for pouch reconstruction after total gastrectomy are matters of controversy.
Twenty consecutive patients with early gastric cancer were studied 20who underwent jejunal pouch double-tract (JPD) reconstruction after total gastrectomy. Nutritional variables were examined for > or =10 years postoperatively.
The mean operation time was 204 minutes. There was no anastomotic leakage and no hospital mortality. Anastomotic stenosis between the esophagus and a jejunal pouch developed in 2 patients (10%), and reflux esophagitis was observed in 4 (20%). Symptoms were controlled by conserva tive treatment within 3 years after surgery. Body mass indices in all patients were significantly decreased from 1 month (p<0.05) to 10 years (p<0.005) after the operation. The mean body weight decrease occurring during the first to the tenth postoperative year was 12.7% overall, but 17.8% and 9.1% in patients aged > or =60 years and <60 years, respectively. The body weight decreases from 3 (p<0.05) to 6 (p<0.01), and at 9 years (p<0.01) were significantly lower before 60 years of age than after.
JPD reconstruction facilitates long-term recovery of body weight after total gastrectomy and should be considered before the aged of 60.