Article

Developmental regulation of oligosialylation in zebrafish.

Unité de Glycobiologie Structurale et Fonctionnelle, UMR CNRS 8576, Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille 1, 59655, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France.
Glycoconjugate Journal (Impact Factor: 1.95). 09/2008; 26(3):247-61. DOI: 10.1007/s10719-008-9161-5
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Zebrafish appears as a relevant model for the functional study of glycoconjugates along vertebrate's development. Indeed, as a prelude to such studies, we have previously identified a vast array of potentially stage-specific glycoconjugates, which structures are reminiscent of glycosylation pathways common to all vertebrates. In the present study, we have focused on the identification and regulation of major protein and lipids associated alpha2-8-linked oligosialic acids motifs in the early development of zebrafish. By a combination of partial hydrolysis, anion exchange HPLC-FD and mass spectrometry, we demonstrated that glycoproteins and glycolipids differed by the extent and the nature of their substituting oligosialylated sequences. Furthermore, relative quantifications showed that alpha2-8-linked sialylation was differentially regulated in both families of glycoconjugates along development. Accordingly, we established that alpha2,8-sialyltransferase mRNA levels was directly correlated with changes of alpha2,8-sialylation status of glycolipids, but independent of those observed on major glycoproteins that appear to originate from the mother.

Full-text

Available from: Yann Guérardel, Jun 16, 2015
1 Follower
 · 
246 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This review is the third update of the original review, published in 1999, on the application of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry to the analysis of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates and brings the topic to the end of 2004. Both fundamental studies and applications are covered. The main topics include methodological developments, matrices, fragmentation of carbohydrates and applications to large polymeric carbohydrates from plants, glycans from glycoproteins and those from various glycolipids. Other topics include the use of MALDI MS to study enzymes related to carbohydrate biosynthesis and degradation, its use in industrial processes, particularly biopharmaceuticals and its use to monitor products of chemical synthesis where glycodendrimers and carbohydrate-protein complexes are highlighted.
    Mass Spectrometry Reviews 04/2014; 28(2):273-361. DOI:10.1002/mas.20192 · 8.05 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Glycosphingolipids from the ganglio-series are usually classified in four series according to the presence of 0 to 3 sialic acid residues linked to lactosylceramide. The transfer of sialic acid is catalyzed in the Golgi apparatus by specific sialyltransferases that show high specificity toward glycolipid substrates. ST8Sia I (EC 2.4.99.8, SAT-II, SIAT 8a) is the key enzyme controlling the biosynthesis of b- and c-series gangliosides. ST8Sia I is expressed at early developmental stages whereas in adult human tissues, ST8Sia I transcripts are essentially detected in brain. ST8Sia I together with b- and c-series gangliosides are also over-expressed in neuroectoderm-derived malignant tumors such as melanoma, glioblastoma, neuroblastoma and in estrogen receptor (ER) negative breast cancer, where they play a role in cell proliferation, migration, adhesion and angiogenesis. We have stably expressed ST8Sia I in MCF-7 breast cancer cells and analyzed the glycosphingolipid composition of wild type (WT) and GD3S+ clones. As shown by mass spectrometry, MCF-7 expressed a complex pattern of neutral and sialylated glycosphingolipids from globo- and ganglio-series. WT MCF-7 cells exhibited classical monosialylated gangliosides including G(M3), G(M2), and G(M1a). In parallel, the expression of ST8Sia I in MCF-7 GD3S+ clones resulted in a dramatic change in ganglioside composition, with the expression of b- and c-series gangliosides as well as unusual tetra- and pentasialylated lactosylceramide derivatives G(Q3) (II(3)Neu5Ac(4)-Gg(2)Cer) and G(P3) (II(3)Neu5Ac(5)-Gg(2)Cer). This indicates that ST8Sia I is able to act as an oligosialyltransferase in a cellular context.
    Molecules 08/2012; 17(8):9559-72. DOI:10.3390/molecules17089559 · 2.10 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The emergence of zebrafish as a model organism for human diseases was accompanied by the development of cellular model systems that extended the possibilities for in vitro manipulation and in vivo studies after cell implantation. The exploitation of zebrafish cell systems is, however, still hampered by the lack of genomic and biochemical data. Here, we lay a path toward the efficient use of ZFL, a zebrafish liver-derived cell system, as a platform for studying glycosylation. To achieve this, we established the glycomic profile of ZFL by a combination of mass spectrometry and NMR. We demonstrated that glycoproteins were substituted by highly sialylated multiantennary N-glycans, some of them comprising the unusual zebrafish epitope Galβ1-4[Neu5Ac(α2,3)]Galβ1-4[Fuc(α1,3)]GlcNAc, and core 1 multisialylated O-glycans. Similarly, these analyses established that glycolipids were dominated by sialylated gangliosides. In parallel, analyzing the expression patterns of all putative sialyl- and fucosyltransferases, we directly correlated the identified structures to the set of enzymes involved in ZFL glycome. Finally, we demonstrated that this cell system was amenable to metabolic labeling using functionalized monosaccharides that permit in vivo imaging of glycosylation processes. Altogether, glycomics, genomics, and functional studies established ZFL as a relevant cellular model for the study of glycosylation.
    Journal of Proteome Research 03/2012; 11(4):2164-77. DOI:10.1021/pr200948j · 5.00 Impact Factor